Backus, John

Backus, John

(1924–  ) mathematician, computer specialist; born in Philadelphia. He was the project leader of the group at International Business Machines (IBM) that developed FORTRAN (1953–57), the first high-level language in data processing. He also worked on the IBM 704 computer with Gene Amdahl during the 1950s and worked on ALGOL 58 and 60.
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MARL consists of the research materials from acousticians around the world who were dedicated to studying different aspects of violin making, which make up the Catgut Acoustical Society papers, and the archives of three prominent wind instrument acousticians, John Backus, John W.
While important figures such as Isaac Backus, John Gano, Morgan Edwards, and John Leland overlapped the colonial period and the early days of the republic, post-1790 developments should be more appropriately classified as the early national period.