bacteremia

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Related to Bacteraemia: pyaemia, endocarditis, septicemia, sepsis

bacteremia:

see septicemiasepticemia
, invasion of the bloodstream by virulent bacteria that multiply and discharge their toxic products. The disorder, which is serious and sometimes fatal, is commonly known as blood poisoning.
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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Bacteremia

 

the presence of bacteria in the blood. Bacteria enter the blood of man and animals through injuries of the skin and mucous membranes, and also when there are pathological changes in the lymph nodes, vascular system, and so on. Bacteremia accompanies many infectious diseases, such as leptospirosis, typhus, relapsing fever, and tularemia; it is especially characteristic of intestinal infections—typhoid, paratyphoid, and other salmonelloses; brucellosis, and others—in which it causes generalization of the pathologic process. Bacteremia is most intensely expressed during the acute (generalized) period of a disease. Bacteremia develops under the action of medium and large doses of ionizing radiation as a result of disruption of natural immunity. There is a decrease in the production of antibodies, a decrease in the number of leukocytes and of their phagocytic activity, and also changes in the permeability of tissue barriers and a number of other factors. Bacteremia is a characteristic complication of radiation sickness. As the organism overwhelms the disease (activation of the phagocytic function of the leukocytes, accumulation of antibodies, and so on), bacteremia decreases to the point of complete disappearance.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

bacteremia

[′bak·tə′rē·mē·ə]
(medicine)
Presence of bacteria in the blood.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
For analysis of risk factors for mortality and comparison of patients with CA and HA MSSA bacteraemia, [chi square] and Student's t-test were used for the univariate analysis of categorical and continuous variables of patients' characteristics, respectively.
Isolated cases of patients with known bacteraemia that developed a CNS infection despite the established antibiotic therapy have been published (10).
[2] Another study has shown that [less than or equal to] 15 hours' time to positivity for CoNS had a positive predictive value of 84% for true bacteraemia. [10] CoNS is responsible for more than 50% of cases of LOS in developed countries, and 35-46.5% in developing countries, with a mortality rate of up to 10.2% in VLBW neonates.
aureus bacteraemia. All patients underwent both [sup.18]F-FDG and [sup.68]Ga-citrate whole-body PET/CT to detect infectious foci.
The aim of this study is to determine the incidence of bacteraemia in ICU of our hospital, to establish the bacterial epidemiology and the susceptibility of the isolated strains to antibiotics.
Kur, "Characterisation of Escherichia coli isolates from the blood of haematological adult patients with bacteraemia: translocation from gut to blood requires the cooperation of multiple virulence factors," European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, vol.
The Surgery Clinical Board at Cardiff & Vale University Health Board has not had a case of MRSA bacteraemia for more than 370 days.
Perhaps 1% of enteric infections with non-typhoidal Salmonella result in bacteraemia. [1],[2] Pyogenic Liver Abscess (PLA) is one of the common liver pathologies and data from different sources place the incidence rate from 1.1 to 17.6/1,00,000 individuals.
He hoped that the symposium would help create public awareness for the prevention and cure of infectious diseases like polio, pneumonia, yellow fever, measles, meningitis and bacteraemia.
In infants, Cronobacter sakazakii can cause bacteraemia, meningitis and necrotizing enterocolitis.
Viridans streptococcal bacteraemia after oesophageal stricture dilatation.