Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical.


The science and study of bacteria, and hence a specialized branch of microbiology. It deals with the nature and properties of the bacteria as living entities, their morphology and developmental history, ecology, physiology and biochemistry, genetics, and classification.

The major subjects that have consecutively occupied the forefront of bacteriological research have been the origin of bacteria, the constancy or variability of their properties, their role as causative agents of disease and of spoilage of foods, their significance in the cycle of matter, their classification, and their physiological, biochemical, and genetic features. See Bacteria, Microbiology

McGraw-Hill Concise Encyclopedia of Bioscience. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the study of bacteria; a division of the broader scientific discipline microbiology. Bacteriology is divided into a number of independent branches. General bacteriology studies the morphology, physiology, and biochemistry of bacteria, their mutability and genetics, evolution, distribution in nature, and so on. Medical and veterinary bacteriology studies the biology of pathogenic bacteria, methods of isolating and identifying them, and the phenomenon of immunity; it elaborates specific means for preventing and treating infectious diseases of man and animals. Agricultural bacteriology studies the role of bacteria in the formation of soil structures, in soil fertility, and in plant nutrition, and the processing of agricultural products (ensilage, fermentation, retting, and so on). Technical (industrial) bacteriology studies the processes of formation by bacteria of alcohols, organic acids, enzymes, amino acids, antibiotics, growth stimulants, and other substances.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


The science and study of bacteria; a specialized branch of microbiology.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Sputum bacteriology of patients with acute exacerbations of bronchiectasis.
Unlike virology, however, clinical bacteriology has undergone minimal change in methodology over the past 50 years.
A science historian examines the origins of the field of medical bacteriology and the life of one of its founders.
Gradmann (history of medicine, University of Oslo) presents a biography of Koch's scientific career and the development of the field of bacteriology. He gives a brief outline of Koch's life, which has been the subject of other biographies.
In good, disease-free days, virology, bacteriology, pathology, epidemiology, etc, tend to be treated by the horse world as investigations undertaken and understood by veterinarians and researchers.
That followed the discovery by German and Australian researchers, published in Bacteriology in July 1998 (issue 14), that in certain iron-reducing bacteria, the cytochromes--specialized enzymes known to transfer electrons to other proteins--span the outer cell membrane, enabling direct transfer of electrons to external metals and the creation of a circuit.
will report their findings on the effect of the substance on helicobacter pylori at a meeting of the Japanese Society for Bacteriology in Tokyo in April, they said.
Candidates will study a variety of modules, including bacteriology, personal and workplace hygiene and temperature control, all of which are basic requirements of the 1990 Food Safety Act.
That Dutchman Anton van Leeuwenhoek is the founder of bacteriology and protozoology (the study of protozoa--the name for animal-like single-celled organisms)?
His spent 18 years as chief of the Oklahoma State Department of Health's public health laboratory and two years as its director of sanitary bacteriology. Since 1992, he has been a Lt.
Never in the history of bacteriology did so much happen so quickly as in the last quarter of the 19th century.
The wonder-cure dessert differs from normal ice cream through the addition of microcultures which kill the bacteria behind various gastric disorders, workers at the Novosibirsk Centre for Virology and Bacteriology told the Interfax news agency.