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Bad Ischl(bät ĭsh`əl) or
Ischl,city (1991 pop. 13,887), in Upper Austria prov., W Austria, in the center of the SalzkammergutSalzkammergut
, resort area in Upper Austria, Styria, and Salzburg provs., W Austria. Known since antiquity for its salt mines, the region was banned to visitors until the early 19th cent.
..... Click the link for more information. . It is a famous spa. After 1822 it was the summer residence of the Austrian imperial family. Emperor Francis Joseph signed (1914) his declaration of war on Serbia there.
a spa in Austria, on the Traun River (where the Ischl empties into it), east of Salzburg. It is situated at an altitude of 469 m. The climate is subalpine with a mean July temperature of 16° C and a mean January temperature of -0.7° C; the annual precipitation is about 700 mm. Various kinds of mineral waters are used as therapeutic agents. Water from the Ischl salt mine, highly saline (bittern) with a temperature of 12° C, water from two springs containing free hydrogen sulfide, and water from a spring containing sulfates are used for the baths. Water from the Maria Louisa spring (chloride-sodium water, 11.4° C) is used for drinking purposes; its flow rate is 36,000 liters a day. Persons suffering from diseases of the cardiovascular, respiratory, and digestive systems, diseases of the joints, metabolic disorders, and gynecological diseases are treated here.
IU. E. DANILOV