Pietro Badoglio

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Badoglio, Pietro

 

Born Sept. 28, 1871, in Grazzano Monferrato; died Oct. 31, 1956, in Grazzano Monferrato. Italian military figure and statesman, marshal (1926).

Badoglio participated in World War I. From 1919 to 1921 he was chief of the General Staff. In 1924–25 he served as ambassador to Brazil. After 1925 he was chief of the General Staff, and at the same time from 1928 to 1933 he was governor-general of Libya; in 1935–36 he was commander in chief of the Italian forces in the Italo-Ethiopian War of 1935–36. After the seizure of Ethiopia he became viceroy of Ethiopia (1936–37). After the initial Italian defeats on the Italo-Greek front during World War II, he retired from the post of chief of the General Staff (1940). During the crisis of the fascist regime he took part in the government coup (July 25, 1943) which led to the fall of the fascist dictatorship of Mussolini, after which he was appointed prime minister. On Sept. 3, 1943, the Badoglio government signed the armistice with the antifascist coalition and, on Oct. 13, 1943, declared war on fascist Germany. In March 1944 it renewed diplomatic relations between Italy and the USSR. Badoglio followed an antidemocratic policy. Owing to the upsurge of the democratic movement in Italy, he was forced to include members of the antifascist parties, including communists and socialists, in the government in April 1944, and to retire on June 9, 1944.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Badoglio mi aveva lasciato la carica che ricoprivo; II.
Edy winning some junior ski race in Sankt Moritz (telegram to Mussolini, and full-page photo in Quadrante, the journal of the modernist movement): Edy mastering the rudiments of sailing in front of Portofino; Edy's confirmation, blessed by the Cardinal Archbishop of Milan and by General Badoglio, fresh from his conquest of Ethiopia, his use of chemical weapons and his public triumph with parades back at home.
Since Italy had not declared war on its former ally (a decision the Badoglio government takes on October 13, 1943), the Germans classified Guareschi and the other Italians they captured as Internati Militari Italiani (IMI) instead of Prisoners of War, rendering void their 1929 Geneva Convention rights.
King Victor Emmanuel III named Marshal Pietro Badoglio the new head of government, and on September 8, Italy formally surrendered to the advancing Alies.
Romano Sergio, Guida Alla Estera Italiana: Da Badoglio a Berlusconi, (Milano: Rizzoli Libri S.p.A., 2002).
Former Marshal of France Philippe Petain and former Prime Minister Pierre Laval of France, former Italian Prime Minister Benito Mussolini and other fascist leaders, former Italian Marshal Pietro Badoglio, King Victor Emanuel and members of the Fascist Council of Italy after World War II, former Prime Minister Adnan Menderes and ministers Fatin RE-E-tE- Zorlu and Hasan Polatkan, Col.
Eisenhower and Italian Marshal Pietro Badoglio signed an armistice aboard the British ship HMS Nelson off Malta.
Instead, when Mussolini fell from power in 1943, the Americans cynically negotiated to keep Victor Emmanuel and Prime Minister Badoglio in control and helped plunge Italy into "a brutal three-way struggle in which an estimated 200,000 people died" between anti-Fascists, Fascists, and German occupation troops.