Badui


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Badui

 

a people living in mountainous regions in western Java, in Indonesia. In the opinion of some scholars, the Badui are descendants of the ancient settlers of the Malay Archipelago (the proto-Malays). The Badui number about 4,000 (1965 estimate). Their language is a dialect of Sundanese. In the religion of the Badui, traditional beliefs mix with elements of Hinduism and Buddhism, but the Badui call themselves Buddhists. At the beginning of the 16th century, the ancestors of the Badui, not wishing to accept Islam, fled into the mountains. Their chief occupation is raising rice, vegetables, and fruits. They retain a communal form of life. The Badui are gradually becoming Muslim and are merging with the Sundans.

REFERENCE

Narody lugo-Vostochnoi Azii. Moscow, 1966.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Indigenous place based cultural groups (Goebel, 2010), so named because of their regional locations, include the Javanese, Sundanese, Bantenese, Betawi, Tengger, Osing and Badui from Java; the Madurese from Madura; Malays, Batak, Minangkabau, Acehnese, Lampung and Kubu groups from Sumatra; the Dayak and Banjar from Kalimantan; Makassarese, Buginese, Mandar, Minhasa, Gorontalonese, Toraja and Bajau from Sulawesi; the Balinese and Sasak from the Sunda Islands; Nuaulu, Manusela and Wemale from the Moluccas; and Dani, Bauzi and Asmat from Papua.
Yet he speaks of mountains without reference to parallel developments around neighbouring Pujon or Jember, on the Dieng Plateau or slopes of Lawu in Central Java, or among the Sundanese or Badui in West Java.