Baffin Island


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Baffin Island,

183,810 sq mi (476,068 sq km), c.1,000 mi (1,610 km) long and from 130 to 450 mi (210–720 km) wide, in the Arctic Ocean, Nunavut Territory, Canada. It is the fifth largest island in the world and the easternmost member of the Arctic ArchipelagoArctic Archipelago
, group of more than 50 large islands, Northwest Territories and Nunavut, N Canada, in the Arctic Ocean. The southernmost members of the group include Baffin (the archipelago's largest island), Victoria, Banks, Prince of Wales, and Somerset islands; N of
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. Baffin Island is geographically and geologically a continuation of Labrador, from which it is separated by Hudson Strait. The western side of the island is covered largely by tundra. There are many freshwater lakes, including Nettilling (1,956 sq mi/5,066 sq km) and Amadjuak. In the east, snow-covered mountain ranges rise more than 8,000 ft (2,440 m). The deeply indented coastline has many fjords. Most of the island's inhabitants are Inuits who live mainly at coastal trading posts. Whaling, fur trading, and fishing are the chief occupations. The posts have stores, post offices, police stations, schools, and occasionally hospitals. Martin FrobisherFrobisher, Sir Martin
, 1535?–1594, English mariner. He went to sea as a boy, and spent much of his youth in the African trade. He later gained the friendship of Sir Humphrey Gilbert, through whom he became interested in the Northwest Passage.
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 visited the island between 1576 and 1578, and Iqaluit, formerly Frobisher Bay, in the southeast, is the principal town. The island is named for William BaffinBaffin, William,
c.1584–1622, British arctic explorer. He was pilot on two expeditions (1615–16) sent out to search for the Northwest Passage under command of Robert Bylot, who was formerly with Henry Hudson.
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, the British explorer who explored the Arctic in 1616.
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Baffin Island

the largest island of the Canadian Arctic, between Greenland and Hudson Bay. Area: 476 560 sq. km (184 000 sq. miles)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Baffin Island was pretty difficult to gain access to as well, but the climb itself was fairly straightforward.
In this paper we document nesting by a pair of Canada Geese on northern Baffin Island in 2013.
Baffin Island lies northeast of mainland Canada, and is the fifth largest island in the world, after Greenland, New Guinea, Borneo and Madagascar.
(2012) described substantial thinning of glaciers and ice caps on Bylot and Baffin Islands at the regional scale, while local studies have described glacier recession on Bylot Island (Dowdeswell et al., 2007) and eastern Baffin Island (Paul and Kaab, 2005; Paul and Svoboda, 2010) over the past 50 years.
This is Swithinbank's highly absorbing memoir, beginning with his circumnavigation of Baffin Island where, funded by the Scott Polar Research Institute in Cambridge and the Canadian government, he and his fellow expedition members studied the distribution of pack ice in the Northwest Passage.
Peregrine Diamonds Ltd (TSX: PGD), a Canada-based company that explores for diamonds, has announced the discovery of a new kimberlite on the Chidliak property (Chidliak) in Baffin Island, Nunavut, Canada.
The 7x7 features mountains on Baffin Island, Greenland, Honshu, Borneo, Sumatra, New Guinea and Madagascar.
One of the German stations was established at Kingua Fiord at the head of Cumberland Sound, Baffin Island. Boas, who had shifted his focus to the Inuit (or the Eskimo, as he called them), saw his opportunity.
The climbers are 2,400ft up Great Sail Peak on Baffin Island, Canada.