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(ŏd`ĭsē): see HomerHomer,
principal figure of ancient Greek literature; the first European poet. Works, Life, and Legends

Two epic poems are attributed to Homer, the Iliad and the Odyssey.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a poem about the travels of Odysseus), an ancient Greek epic poem which, together with the Iliad, has been attributed to Homer.

The poem was completed somewhat later than the Iliad, which it complements but of which it is not a direct continuation. Like the Iliad, the Odyssey was written in hexameter. Later, it was divided by classical bookmakers into 24 books. In contrast to the Iliad, with its heroic themes, the Odyssey contains material drawn primarily from everyday life and fables. The hero is a composite of intellectual and moral qualities. In world folklore a widely encountered hero is the husband who returns to his homeland unrecognized after long years of wandering and arrives on the day of his wife’s remarriage. In the Odyssey, this popular heroic theme is embodied in Odysseus, a participant in the Trojan campaign. Interwoven with this theme is part of another: a son’s search for his father. The sociopolitical and ideological processes of the establishment of a slaveholding society and state in Greece were reflected even in early versions of the Odyssey.

In antiquity, the Odyssey was less highly valued than the Iliad, although both were used as basic educational texts. Both the Odyssey and the Iliad provided Goethe, F. Schiller, and W. Humboldt with material for their theories of the epic. The first Russian prose translations of the Odyssey were completed at the end of the 18th century. V. A. Zhukovskii finished the first Russian verse translation of the work in 1849. The standard modern translation in verse was done by V. V. Veresaev (published posthumously, 1953).


Homeri carmina, part 2: Homeri Odyssea, vols. 1–2. Translated by A. Ludwich. Leipzig, 1889–91.
The Odyssey of Homer, 2nd ed., vols. 1–2. Edited by W. B. Stanford. London-New York, 1959. (With commentary.)
In Russian translation:
Gomer, Odisseia. Moscow, 1953.


Egunov, A. N. Gomer v russkikh perevodakh XVIII-XIX vv. Moscow-Leningrad, 1964.
Merkelbach, R. Untersuchungen zur Odyssee. Munich, 1951.
Page, D. L. The Homeric Odyssey. Oxford, 1955.
Stanford, W. B. The Ulysses Theme. 2nd ed. Oxford, 1963.
Finley, M. I. The World of Odysseus. New York, 1965.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


Homer’s long, narrative poem centered on Odysseus. [Gk. Lit.: Odyssey]
See: Epic


concerning Odysseus’s difficulties in getting home after war. [Gk. Myth.: Odyssey]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Things are done differently to get to that stage but on the whole it's about trying to get that bag of wind out of the net."
Rankin used the f-word at least six times, called a pupil a "fat c***" and branded others "dafty", "mongo", "clueless", "big bag of wind", "a***hole", "wee b***", "f*** ", f worthless", "Shrek", "specky" and "f*** f idiot".
Terry is really rather good at chasing a bag of wind round a pitch and yelling at his team-mates.
"I never recall the Two Ronnies and the Generation Game being cancelled for 80 minutes of men chasing a squashed bag of wind around."
IN reply to J W of Washington criticising Strictly Come Dancing, I'm sick and tired of the boring bingo, beer and the dinosaur football teams in the North East where you've got 11 people kicking a bag of wind around.
Today, I would call her a monstrous bag of wind, if I did not fear the wrath of the National Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Hot Air Balloons.
IT is always just a bag of wind on a well trimmed grass field, but ground advantage seems to have a remarkable effect on the outcome of football fixtures, particularly in Europe.
Two months into the new season, and I finally tracked down a player who could actually trap and pass a bag of wind. Hallelujah!
Us girls have come a long way since the seventies when Match of the Day meant a chance to paint your toe nails before an early night and we didn't even try to understand what the off-side rule meant: 22 grown men kicking a bag of wind around, was how my grandmother used to describe the game.
What riles me most is the fact that said newspaper lauds the likes of Wayne Rooney, left, who is reputedly paid PS250,000 a week for kicking a bag of wind around, for 180 minutes if they have two games!
Their ascetic existence compares unfavourably with that of the mumbling one who earns a reputed pounds 90k a week by his skilful manipulation of a bag of wind.