Bagan


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Bagan

or

Pagan

(pəgän`), ruined city, Mandalay region, central Myanmar, on the Ayeyarwady River. Covering an area c.40 sq mi (100 sq km), it is one of the great archaeological treasures of SE Asia and a holy place of pilgrimage. Founded c.849, it became in the 11th cent. the seat of King Anawratha, who, under the influence of the Mon civilization in the south, introduced Theravada Buddhism into upper Myanmar, previously dominated by a Mahayana Buddhist sect. Under his rule and that of his descendants, Bagan was adorned with thousands of Buddhist shrines and temples, principally in stone and brick. Occupied by the Mongols in 1287, Bagan was sacked and burned by the Shans in 1299. The thousands of surviving temples, pagodas, and monasteries are massive and imposing structures, built with a knowledge of the true arch and showing strong Indian influence. In 1975 an earthquake damaged many monuments; a restoration project in the mid-1990s to reverse the subsequent neglect, however, suffered from flaws in its planning and execution. Damage to many monuments also resulted from a 2016 earthquake.

Bagan

 

a river in southern Novosibirsk Oblast, RSFSR. It is 364 km long and has a basin area of 10,700 sq km. There are many swamps and lakes in its basin. The river is mainly fed by snow; it dries up in its lower course.

References in periodicals archive ?
The Trinidad and Tobago striker doubled Gokulam's lead, a few minutes into the second half, as he was played through into the box by Kisekka, and went on to slot it past Bagan keeper Debjit Majumder.
Its chairman Datuk Saarani Mohamad said BN will mobilise its election machinery as soon as a by-election is confirmed for either the Perak parliamentary seat of Bagan Serai or Bukit Gantang.
Official figures show that there are 395 hotels with 20,396 rooms in Yangon City, 211 hotels with 8,801 rooms in Mandalay, 143 hotels with 4,503 rooms in Taunggyi and Inlay, 85 hotels with 2,919 rooms in Bagan, 64 hotels with 5,515 rooms in Nay Pyi Taw and 85 hotels with 2,919 rooms in Bagan-Nyaung U.
Parishoners in Bannockburn and Cowie are mourning the sudden death on Sunday of Stirlingshire priest the Rev Canon Michael Bagan.
A Spanish tourist was escorted out of the ancient Myanmar city of Bagan for having an exposed tattoo of Buddha on his leg in the predominantly Buddhist country, according to local officials.
PARACHINAR -- Political Agent Kurram Agency Amjad Ali Khan visited Bagan area of Kurram and announced rupees 10 million for the drainage pipes and construction of footpath in Bagan Bazaar.
Yet, all of that would count to almost nothing when Mohun Bagan take on Bengaluru FC here at the Kanteerava Stadium on Sunday in the I-League title clash.
The biggest derby in India takes centre-stage on Sunday as Mohun Bagan lock horns with East Bengal in what promises to be a humdinger of an I-League encounter.
YANGON, Myanmar, Safar 12, 1434, Dec 25, 2012, SPA - An Air Bagan flight packed with tourists crash-landed on a road in central Myanmar on Tuesday, killing two people and injuring 11, officials said.
VP Dan Bagan, who will oversee both units, "and it more than doubles Penton's position in agriculture, which becomes our company's largest sector group.
SHILLONG v MOHUN 7.30am tomorrow MOHUN BAGAN are worth backing at 5-4 to beat Shillong Lajong tomorrow morning as they seek to keep pace with runaway I-League leaders Dempo, writes Simon Giles.
Bhutia was accused of skipping training to appear on the celebrity-based dance show by officials at Mohun Bagan and had his commitment questioned in a letter.