Bagan


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Bagan

or

Pagan

(pəgän`), ruined city, Mandalay region, central Myanmar, on the Ayeyarwady River. Covering an area c.40 sq mi (100 sq km), it is one of the great archaeological treasures of SE Asia and a holy place of pilgrimage. Founded c.849, it became in the 11th cent. the seat of King Anawratha, who, under the influence of the Mon civilization in the south, introduced Theravada Buddhism into upper Myanmar, previously dominated by a Mahayana Buddhist sect. Under his rule and that of his descendants, Bagan was adorned with thousands of Buddhist shrines and temples, principally in stone and brick. Occupied by the Mongols in 1287, Bagan was sacked and burned by the Shans in 1299. The thousands of surviving temples, pagodas, and monasteries are massive and imposing structures, built with a knowledge of the true arch and showing strong Indian influence. In 1975 an earthquake damaged many monuments; a restoration project in the mid-1990s to reverse the subsequent neglect, however, suffered from flaws in its planning and execution. Damage to many monuments also resulted from a 2016 earthquake.

Bagan

 

a river in southern Novosibirsk Oblast, RSFSR. It is 364 km long and has a basin area of 10,700 sq km. There are many swamps and lakes in its basin. The river is mainly fed by snow; it dries up in its lower course.

References in periodicals archive ?
And one further back came the two most storied clubs in Indian football -- Mohun Bagan and East Bengal.
The walls had suffered cracks and damage during the 2016 earthquake, which took a devastating toll on many of the ancient monuments in the Bagan Archeological Zone.
Summary: Panaji(Goa) [India], March 3 (ANI): Churchill Brothers FC Goa and Mohun Bagan, one of the fierce rivals of the I-League will go toe-to-toe again in the final home fixture of the Goan outfit this season here at the Tilak Maidan on Saturday.
GHOTKI -- The leader of the PGDCL Employees' Union Ashiq Kaladi and Sarang Kaladi while addressing a press conference at the Mirpurkhas Press Club on Friday said that the influential men of their community including Bagan Kaladi and others are issuing dire threats to them.
According to police, Aslam scuffled with Faheem and Bagan over a trifle at Sangal Wala Khu village.
Because we tried to make comparisons with sculpture and bas-reliefs, in Cambodia at Angkor and in Burma, and there was a link,' he said, adding that there was also an inscription found on the back of a cross-legged meditating Buddha statue at Angkor that is thought to show influence from Bagan.
Tenders are invited for Construction of concrete road from 113 banerjee bagan lane to 89 banerjee bagan lane under hmc ward no -3, Salkia howrah.
He said this while addressing a huge public gathering at Kari Raki Bagan village of UC Nathia Gali.
Balloons over Bagan uses a fleet from Corwen-based Ifor Williams Trailers, to transport its dozen balloons and their equipment across the Far Eastern country - now known as Myanmar.
IT WILL be a mammoth task for Karnataka giants Bengaluru FC as they face- off against Mohun Bagan in the Federation Cup final.
Myanmar sent truckloads of soldiers and squadrons of police to protect and rebuild centuries-old Buddhist pagodas around the ancient capital of Bagan on Thursday, a day after at least 187 of the brick temples were damaged in a powerful earthquake.
A Spanish tourist was escorted out of the ancient Myanmar city of Bagan for having an exposed tattoo of Buddha on his leg in the predominantly Buddhist country, according to local officials.