Bagan

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Bagan

or

Pagan

(pəgän`), ruined city, Mandalay region, central Myanmar, on the Ayeyarwady River. Covering an area c.40 sq mi (100 sq km), it is one of the great archaeological treasures of SE Asia and a holy place of pilgrimage. Founded c.849, it became in the 11th cent. the seat of King Anawratha, who, under the influence of the Mon civilization in the south, introduced Theravada Buddhism into upper Myanmar, previously dominated by a Mahayana Buddhist sect. Under his rule and that of his descendants, Bagan was adorned with thousands of Buddhist shrines and temples, principally in stone and brick. Occupied by the Mongols in 1287, Bagan was sacked and burned by the Shans in 1299. The thousands of surviving temples, pagodas, and monasteries are massive and imposing structures, built with a knowledge of the true arch and showing strong Indian influence. In 1975 an earthquake damaged many monuments; a restoration project in the mid-1990s to reverse the subsequent neglect, however, suffered from flaws in its planning and execution. Damage to many monuments also resulted from a 2016 earthquake.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Bagan

 

a river in southern Novosibirsk Oblast, RSFSR. It is 364 km long and has a basin area of 10,700 sq km. There are many swamps and lakes in its basin. The river is mainly fed by snow; it dries up in its lower course.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Hot air balloons in Bagan, Myanmar. Image Credit: Supplied
From Renz Paolo Balino is the photo of two novice monks teasing each other after their prayer at the monastery of Bagan, Myanmar titled "Happiness." Renz shares that he started shooting in 2011 and mostly does travel photography.
For example, Google's Open Heritage project is creating VR models of cultural heritage sites, including Ananda Ok Kyaung, a temple in Bagan, Myanmar, that ended up being damaged by an earthquake in 2016.
Over the course of two early morning visits to the famous temples of Bagan, Myanmar, I shot these photos with a variety of WB settings.
The cabinet has approved the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between India and Myanmar for the conservation of earthquake-damaged pagodas at Bagan, Myanmar.
A 7-year-old and a 15-year-old died in Magway region, which is nearly 100 miles away from the epicenter near the town of Bagan, Myanmar's Ministry of Information said.
As the rising sun burns off the morning ground fog of Bagan, Myanmar, the spires of its 2200 pagodas, temples, and monuments probe for the sky like rising spirits seeking answers while welcoming visitors to a land long closed to the outside world.
A recent endeavour is the restoration of the Anando Patho Temple in Bagan, Myanmar. The Indian government has undertaken a twenty-two million dollar project for the restoration of the 10/11th-century monument.
Ancient temples in Bagan, Myanmar, await adventurous travelers The ancient city of Bagan, Myanmar, offers thousands of temples that are ripe for exploration.
A minute after the photo was taken, the village was in the thick cloud,' says Krivic; BELOW: a meditating monk at a monastery in Bagan, Myanmar, by Christopher Martin; OPPOSITE: Juan Luis Hernandez Zaldivar, Holguin, Cuba, by Guylain Doyle.