After joining the Baghdad Pact
, a quick American survey of the situation in Pakistan brought out that though an elected Parliament existed till 1953, there were only two well organized institutions, the Civil Service and the Armed Forces where the Army was dominant.
The Baghdad Pact
highlighted particularly good relations between Turkey, a secular republic, and Iran under Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, who in 1941 had succeeded his father Reza Shah Pahlavi as the second monarch of the Pahlavi dynasty established in 1925.
On his government's initiative, Kashmir issue was included on the agenda of the meetings of the Baghdad Pact
and SEATO.40 Suhrawardy's policy was also similar.
The Israeli attack on Gaza at the end of February 1955 after the signing of the Baghdad Pact
, which caused the death of 37 Egyptians, revealed the incapacity of the Egyptian army to respond to the Israeli provocations.
During the Cold War, the foreign policy of the Turkish Republic moved between activism--as was seen in the Democrat Party period, the Balkan Pact, the Baghdad Pact
, involvement in NATO, the UN, the Korean War, the Cyprus issue, etc.--to periods of suspicion or caution towards the Western camp, as exemplified by the impact of the Inonu doctrine towards the Middle East, the coups in Turkey, and the rapprochement with the Soviet Union, especially in the 1970s.
This is how Baghdad Pact
(later CENTO) came into being with Pakistan, Iran, Turkey, Britain and France as its full members, whereas the US was a member of Pact's Military Committee only.
GCC to include Jordan and Morocco: The neo Royal Baghdad Pact
. "We were all surprised and stunned by this announcement in Al Jazeera : GCC member countries agreed to consider Jordan and Morocco's requests to join the council!!".
In 1955, the West was even strong enough to sign up a remarkable cast of Turkey, Iraq, Iran, and Pakistan in a kind of West Asian NATO known as the Baghdad Pact
Talk about a new axis in the region reminds Lebanese of the ill-fated Baghdad Pact
formed in 1957 of Iraq, Turkey, Pakistan and Iran.
He recognizes the disastrous effects of the infamous Baghdad pact
but argues that the U.S.
For decades, and precisely since the establishment of the Baghdad Pact
in 1955, Syrian-Iraqi relations have been fraught with fear and suspicion.
At least since the US-led Baghdad Pact
of 1955, Syrian-Iraqi relations have been fraught with mutual suspicion.