bagpipe

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bagpipe,

musical instrument whose ancient origin was probably in Mesopotamia from which it was carried east and west by Celtic migrations. It was used in ancient Greece and Rome and has been long known in India. Some form of bagpipe was later used in nearly every European country; it was particularly fashionable in 18th-century France, where it was called the musette. Its widest use and greatest development was in the British Isles, particularly Northumberland, Ireland, and Scotland. The island of Skye was the home of a school for pipers. The Highland pipe of Scotland, the most well-known type, was a martial instrument and from it comes the modern great pipe; but at least six other types were once used in the British Isles. The basic construction of a bagpipe consists of a bag, usually leather, which is inflated either by mouth through a tube or by a bellows worked by the arm; one or two chanters (or chaunters), melody pipes having finger holes and fitted usually with double reeds; and one or more drones, which produce one sustained tone each and usually have single reeds, though the musette drones have double reeds (see reed instrumentreed instrument,
in music, an instrument whose sound-producing agent is a thin strip of cane, wood, plastic, or metal that vibrates as air is passed over it. The predecessor of these instruments is the Chinese sheng.
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). Associated with folk and military music, it has been neglected by composers, possibly because of its short range.

Bibliography

See T. H. Podnos, Bagpipes and Tunings (1974); T. Collinson, The Bagpipe (1975).

References in periodicals archive ?
And in the distant background, you will clearly hear the faint sounds and see the still silhouette of a lone bagpiper, proudly piping the band's colors into the dusk of the day Day is done, gone the sun .
Apart from accounts of the history of the festival and all kinds of anecdotes associated with it (for example how a certain bagpiper from England was afraid of crossing the frontier into socialist Czechoslovakia), a great deal of time is devoted to the history of the instrument, the technique of play and tuning, and the instrumental sets in which the bagpipes have appeared.
Bagpipers are threatened by a fungus growing inside their instruments.
Festivities were accompanied by the strains of a New York City Opera baritone singing arias, ballerinas from Sarasota Ballet, a string quartet, harp music and a band of bagpipers.
Scottish bagpipers were also on hand to "pipe in" the first keg of Summit Grand Bohemian Pilsner to be tapped.
In fact, as Gibson demonstrates, many bagpipers studied piping and built their repertoire during the years following Culloden and subsequently served in the Seven Years' War and in the American revolutionary and Indian subcontinental wars.
And while Scotland were led in by five bagpipers, even without musical accompaniment, the Welsh, being Welsh, were in full voice.
NEW YORK -- Howard Stern delivered the eulogy, Broadway singer-actress Audra McDonald sang ''Smile'' and bagpipers played ''New York, New York'' at Joan Rivers' funeral Sunday, a star-studded send-off that -- like late comedian herself -- brought together the worlds of Hollywood, theater, fashion and media.
Entertainment will include - SheBoom, all female drumming band Bagpipers at each mile marker Capital FM DJ and stage in the Grassmarket.
Merseyside Band Gallimaufry performed, guiding everyone through the dance steps for an evening of Scottish and Celtic dancing, as well as traditional bagpipers.
With New Year approaching, I am fearful that yet again my aural senses might be assailed by the dismal Caledonian cacophony created by bagpipers on New Year's Eve.