bagpipe

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bagpipe,

musical instrument whose ancient origin was probably in Mesopotamia from which it was carried east and west by Celtic migrations. It was used in ancient Greece and Rome and has been long known in India. Some form of bagpipe was later used in nearly every European country; it was particularly fashionable in 18th-century France, where it was called the musette. Its widest use and greatest development was in the British Isles, particularly Northumberland, Ireland, and Scotland. The island of Skye was the home of a school for pipers. The Highland pipe of Scotland, the most well-known type, was a martial instrument and from it comes the modern great pipe; but at least six other types were once used in the British Isles. The basic construction of a bagpipe consists of a bag, usually leather, which is inflated either by mouth through a tube or by a bellows worked by the arm; one or two chanters (or chaunters), melody pipes having finger holes and fitted usually with double reeds; and one or more drones, which produce one sustained tone each and usually have single reeds, though the musette drones have double reeds (see reed instrumentreed instrument,
in music, an instrument whose sound-producing agent is a thin strip of cane, wood, plastic, or metal that vibrates as air is passed over it. The predecessor of these instruments is the Chinese sheng.
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). Associated with folk and military music, it has been neglected by composers, possibly because of its short range.

Bibliography

See T. H. Podnos, Bagpipes and Tunings (1974); T. Collinson, The Bagpipe (1975).

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References in periodicals archive ?
Think bagpipes and images of soaring highland mountain ranges, kilts, haggis and tartan spring to mind.
The radio is bad, the vistas are wonderful, you've been through your music at least twice since Cornwall, you and the wife are talked out, the volume on the GameBoy in the back seat is off, the pets are asleep or dead, and at last you know a bagpipe is within sight.
Dave Ellwand has a sign on the back of his car: "Bagpipes are not just for Christmas." And he means it.
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When fortunate, the dancers might be accompanied by a local brigade of bagpipes, fiddles and concertinas.
I had already made a piece based on bagpipes, and other works using player piano--type devices and reeds and valves--in one case to try to simulate human speech and in another to generate harmonic humming similar to that of the Tuvan tradition from central Asia.
In conclusion, regardless of how strong the pressure of modernizing tendencies will be and how far new ways of playing bagpipes will depart from the traditional Gaelic ways, bagpiping is likely to remain the cultural icon of Scottish highlanders and a stereotype integrating outsiders' imagination about them.
Starting from the Cat and Bagpipes Inn at the west side of East Harlsey we walk a few yards to the north along the public road and then turn left along the trackway known as Goosecroft Lane.
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Edinburgh, Aug 13 (ONA) Air Corporal Athari bint Marhoon al-Harrasiyah from the Royal Air Force of Oman (RAFO) got the international training certificate from the National Center for Bagpipes in Scotland.