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musical instrument whose ancient origin was probably in Mesopotamia from which it was carried east and west by Celtic migrations. It was used in ancient Greece and Rome and has been long known in India. Some form of bagpipe was later used in nearly every European country; it was particularly fashionable in 18th-century France, where it was called the musette. Its widest use and greatest development was in the British Isles, particularly Northumberland, Ireland, and Scotland. The island of Skye was the home of a school for pipers. The Highland pipe of Scotland, the most well-known type, was a martial instrument and from it comes the modern great pipe; but at least six other types were once used in the British Isles. The basic construction of a bagpipe consists of a bag, usually leather, which is inflated either by mouth through a tube or by a bellows worked by the arm; one or two chanters (or chaunters), melody pipes having finger holes and fitted usually with double reeds; and one or more drones, which produce one sustained tone each and usually have single reeds, though the musette drones have double reeds (see reed instrumentreed instrument,
in music, an instrument whose sound-producing agent is a thin strip of cane, wood, plastic, or metal that vibrates as air is passed over it. The predecessor of these instruments is the Chinese sheng.
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). Associated with folk and military music, it has been neglected by composers, possibly because of its short range.


See T. H. Podnos, Bagpipes and Tunings (1974); T. Collinson, The Bagpipe (1975).

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References in periodicals archive ?
Bagpiping (Davie Baird Quaich): Thomas McFarlane (Lockerbie Academy).
Bagpiping (Isa Hanley Trophy): Owen Dougan (Dumfries HS).
The second volume, Old and New World Highland Bagpiping, builds nicely on the first.
In Old and New World Highland Bagpiping Gibson tracks the changing form and use of the musical expression, which is no small feat.
To present the complete picture of traditional bagpiping, the author traces this musical practice to the New World, focussing on Gaelic Cape Breton in Nova Scotia.
Its strength lies in the reconstruction of the complicated web of political, social, demographic, and cultural circumstances, as well as immigration patterns, all of which shaped the tradition of bagpiping. The author relies primarily on a variety of written sources, both manuscripts and printed.
P6/7 bagpiping: 1 Gregor Grierson (Georgetown); 2 Finley Baillie (Sanquhar); 3 Corey Anderson (Penpont).
S1/2 bagpiping: 1 Jack McGowan (St Joseph's); 2 Billy Smith (Dumfries HS); 3 Curran Stainthorpe (St Joseph's).
Simon, 25, of Glasgow, said he was "delighted" to be given the opportunity to study "ethnomusicology" and concentrate on bagpiping.
Eddie McGuire, Chairman of The West of Scotland Branch of the Musicians Union said: "The Professional Bagpiping HNC course devised by Stow College and the College of Piping, will be an extremely valuable qualification for young pipers wishing to make their career as performers on the bagpipe.
The HNC in Professional Bagpiping will run initially as a year-long full- time course, but plans to develop flexible study patterns, especially for students studying at home, are in development.
I joined the local Milngavie pipe band and helped out with children there, and studied Piobaireachd - that's classical bagpiping.