(bä'härē`ə), oasis (1996 est. pop. 25,000), in the Libyan Desert, central Egypt, c.200 mi (322 km) south-southwest of Alexandria. Connected by numerous caravan routes with the Mediterranean coast, the Nile valley, and Farafra oasis, it lies in a basin c.60 mi (97 km) long and 25 mi (40 km) wide, and is surrounded by hills. El Bawiti is the main village. Dates, olives, apricots, oranges, grapes, wheat, and rice are grown; iron ore mined in the oasis has been the main source of the Egyptian iron and steel industry centered in HelwanHelwan
, Hilwan
, or Hulwan
, town (1989 est. pop. 230,000), N Egypt, on the Nile River, opposite the ruins of Memphis; a suburb of Cairo. Manufactures include iron and steel, cement, and textiles; there is a food-processing and automobile industry.
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 since the mid-1970s. In 1999 a spectacular 2,000-year-old Greco-Roman cemetery with perhaps thousands of mummies was discovered in a 2 sq mi (5 sq km) area within the oasis. Many of these were bedecked with precious metal and the site is now known as the Valley of the Golden Mummies. Dinosaur remains have also been found there.


See Z. A. Hawass, Valley of the Golden Mummies (2000).

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Wadi Kom Ombo Land Reclamation said it has allocated the process of internal reclamation of 1,000 feddan within the project of 21,800 feddan in the Bahariya Oases.
White Desert in Bahariya Oasis - CC via Wikimedia Commons/Ahmedherz CAIRO - 24 April 2019: A group of 12 mass communication students at Cairo University launched in March a campaign called Egypt Invisible Map (EIM) to promote destinations fit for ecotourism adopting "Shades of Eco" as slogan.
The collaborative work of Zahi Awass (who has been secretary general of the Supreme Council of Antiquities, Egypt, and director of excavations at Giza, Saqqara, and the Bahariya Oasis) and photographer Sandro Vannini, "Tutankhamun: The Treasures of the Tomb" is brilliantly illustrated volume takes the reader through Tutankhamun's tomb room-by-room in the order that it was discovered and excavated by Howard Carter, illuminating the tomb's most magnificent artifacts and objects.
Three other fields in the Qarun region found later in 1996 included one at Wadi al-Rayan, south of Qarun, which tested 950 b/d from Abu Roash "G" Fm, and SW Qarun-1X which tested 4,400 b/d from Kharita and Lower Bahariya Fms.
The hydrocarbon-bearing reservoirs are represented by the Middle Jurassic Khatatba Formation, Lower Cretaceous Alam El Bueib Formation, and the Lower to Upper Cretaceous Bahariya Formation [9].
"We have started our jihad with the battle of the Lion's Den in the Bahariya Oasis area on the borders of Cairo and were victorious against the enemy's campaign," the group said in a statement indicating this was its first attack.
WASHINGTON, Oct 21 (KUNA) -- The US strongly condemned Saturday the terrorist attack in Egypt near the Bahariya Oasis that killed dozens of Egyptian security forces and wounded many others.
The Mexican tourists were mistakenly shot by Egyptian security forces near Bahariya Oasis in the country's Western Desert.
The group of 22 had parked their four 4x4 vehicles off-road on Sunday for a barbecue near the Bahariya oasis, a tourist site in the western desert, when army aircraft suddenly began shelling them from above, security sources and survivors said.
Military aircraft blitzed a sightseeing group of 22 yesterday near Bahariya oasis in the western desert and ground forces opened fire as people tried to flee.