(bä'härē`ə), oasis (1996 est. pop. 25,000), in the Libyan Desert, central Egypt, c.200 mi (322 km) south-southwest of Alexandria. Connected by numerous caravan routes with the Mediterranean coast, the Nile valley, and Farafra oasis, it lies in a basin c.60 mi (97 km) long and 25 mi (40 km) wide, and is surrounded by hills. El Bawiti is the main village. Dates, olives, apricots, oranges, grapes, wheat, and rice are grown; iron ore mined in the oasis has been the main source of the Egyptian iron and steel industry centered in HelwanHelwan
, Hilwan
, or Hulwan
, town (1989 est. pop. 230,000), N Egypt, on the Nile River, opposite the ruins of Memphis; a suburb of Cairo. Manufactures include iron and steel, cement, and textiles; there is a food-processing and automobile industry.
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 since the mid-1970s. In 1999 a spectacular 2,000-year-old Greco-Roman cemetery with perhaps thousands of mummies was discovered in a 2 sq mi (5 sq km) area within the oasis. Many of these were bedecked with precious metal and the site is now known as the Valley of the Golden Mummies. Dinosaur remains have also been found there.


See Z. A. Hawass, Valley of the Golden Mummies (2000).

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The Mexican Foreign Minister visited Egypt in September after the incident of the eight Mexican tourists killed by mistake while security forces chased jihadists in the Bahariya Oasis.
The Mexican tourists were mistakenly shot by Egyptian security forces near Bahariya Oasis in the country's Western Desert.
The group of 22 had parked their four 4x4 vehicles off-road on Sunday for a barbecue near the Bahariya oasis, a tourist site in the western desert, when army aircraft suddenly began shelling them from above, security sources and survivors said.
The group of 22 had parked their four 4x4 vehicles off-road Sunday for a barbecue near the Bahariya oasis, a tourist site in the western desert, when army aircraft began shelling them from above, security sources said.
Military aircraft blitzed a sightseeing group of 22 yesterday near Bahariya oasis in the western desert and ground forces opened fire as people tried to flee.
La police et l'armee egyptiennes ont tue, dimanche dernier, 12 personnes, des touristes mexicains et des Egyptiens, qui les accompagnaient, en prenant pour cible par erreur leurs voitures alors qu'elles pourchassaient des terroristes sur le chemin de l'oasis Bahariya.
The memorandum include the modernization and development of signaling systems for a number of main lines of railway lines is the most important development of the electrification of the line signaling systems Luxor Aswan line Tanta Mansoura Damietta Bahariya Oasis line.
The well, which was drilled to a total depth of 15,555 feet, also encountered pay in the Cretaceous Upper Bahariya, Lower Bahariya, Alamein, AEB-3C and AEB-3D formations.
Three other fields in the Qarun region found later in 1996 included one at Wadi al-Rayan, south of Qarun, which tested 950 b/d from Abu Roash "G" Fm, and SW Qarun-1X which tested 4,400 b/d from Kharita and Lower Bahariya Fms.
Secondary objectives will be to appraise the Abu Roash and Bahariya discoveries.
Recently, the noted scientist Talaat Ramadan, the head of the Geology and Mineral Wealth section at the National Authority for Remote Sensing recently revealed the discovery of a great deposit of crude iron of high quality in the Western Desert's Bahariya Oasis.
And the recent find of a new tomb with golden mummies at Bahariya Oasis, discovered when a donkey tripped and fell, will only add to the new-found interest in visiting Egypt once again.