Baybars I

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Baybars I

(bī`bärs), 1223–77, Mamluk sultan (1260–77) of Egypt and Syria. Once a Turkish slave, Baybars became a commander of the Ayyubid and then MamlukMamluk
or Mameluke
[Arab.,=slaves], a warrior caste dominant in Egypt and influential in the Middle East for over 700 years. Islamic rulers created this warrior caste by collecting non-Muslim slave boys and training them as cavalry soldiers especially loyal to their
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 armies. In 1260 he led Mamluk troops to victory against the MongolsMongols
, Asian people, numbering about 6 million and distributed mainly in the Republic of Mongolia, the Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region of China, and Kalmykia and the Buryat Republic of Russia.
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 at the Battle of Ayn Jalut. When reporting to the sultan, Baybars killed him with a sword and became the fourth Mamluk sultan. His reign was marked by continuous military campaigns against Persian Mongols and Christian crusaders. He died in Damascus by mistakenly drinking poison.
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References in periodicals archive ?
From his Israeli hospital room, Baibars said he could see into Syria.
The Syrian branch of the Assassins remained independent until 1273, when they were conquered by the Mamluk Sultan Baibars. Unlike the Mongols, Baibars, who had already distinguished himself both as the victor over the forces of King Louis IX's Seventh Crusade and at the Battle of Ain Jalut in 1260 (the first major defeat of a Mongol army), perceived the utility of the Assassins.
Dan begins with the 1271 attack on the Crac des Chevaliers, a military base for the Crusaders in what is now Syria, by Baibars, Sultan of Egypt.
The Mameluke Sultan Baibars who ruled Jerusalem over the two centuries after Hakim was just as vicious toward non-Muslims.
Nei maggio del 1268, quando il sultano Baibars cinse d'assedio Antiochia, Fidenzio lascio Tripoli per recarsi nei campo nemico e aiutare i prigionieri Cristiani.
He runs after her and tells Baibars to take over, finally giving Baibars the chance to make his name.
"Egypt has a number of means available to it for taking a strong response to any position that threatens its historical right to Nile water," said ambassador Ridda Baibars, spokesman for the Egyptian delegation to the conference.
Baibars' jihad spirit, superb military organisation, harsh discipline and low cunning saw him capture crusader castles such as Krak des Chevaliers to lay the foundations for his successor's victory at Acre in 1291.
'Abd al-'Aziz al-Khuwaytir (Riyadh, 1976), 383; Peter Thorau, Sultan Baibars I.
In contrast to these epics based on legends or myths originating in the oral tradition is the epic of Baibars. Contemporary biographers and chroniclers wrote the true history of this thirteenth-century sultan.