Baikal Region

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Baikal Region

 

a mountain region bordering Lake Baikal on the west and east, in the Buriat ASSR and the Irkutsk Oblast, RSFSR. The Baikal Region includes the Primorskii and Baikal’skii ranges, which are west of Lake Baikal, and the Khamar-Daban, Ulan-Burgasy, and Barguzinskii ranges, which are south and east of the lake. Seismicity is up to 10–11 points. The principal ranges, which reach elevations of 2,000–2,500 m, are composed of Archean, Proterozoic, and Lower Paleozoic metamorphic and intrusive rocks. There are deposits of gold, manganese ores, mica, and coal. The region is drained by several rivers, including the Selenga, Verkhniaia Angara, Barguzin, and Turka. The climate is continental, with the annual precipitation reaching 1,200 mm on the windward slopes. Taiga, dark coniferous in some places, predominates.

REFERENCES

See references under TRANSBAIKALIA.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Zhu, 2013: Interannual and interdecadal variabilities of circulation over Lake Baikal region in late spring and their association with temperature and precipitation over China (in Chinese).
The thirteen selections that make up the main body of the text are devoted to searching for ways of peace, transversal values in a hermeneutic dialogue, social liberalism and holism, the ecological and cultural aspects of the Eurasian frontier in the Baikal region, and a great many other related subjects.
The unusually heavy snowfall in the Lake Baikal region over the winter also dictated that the group follow roads - on which snow was packed down by vehicles - much more than they had envisioned.
Communities living in the Lake Baikal region have reacted furiously to the proposal.
Research published by Welsh geneticist Steve Jones shows a link between the Welsh and a Siberian tribe called the Kets, suggesting that the Welsh may have migrated from the Lake Baikal region over 30,000 years ago.
The Lake Baikal region, in the heart of the Asian landmass, has long been famous for its beauty, and the lake is known as the "Pearl of Siberia" by the Buryat people living on its shores.
The section on Siberia, including the Lake Baikal region and Mongolia, leaves the reader with the incorrect impression that tourist facilities are available, and with an ecological description so superficial as to be misleading.
The vents found at the bottom of the lake indicate that previous studies have significantly underestimated the amount of heat flowing oiut of the Earth's crust in the Baikal region, says geoscientist Marcia K.