Baikonur


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Baikonur

a launching site for spacecraft in central Kazakhstan; formerly the centre for the Soviet space programme, now leased from Kazakhstan by Russia

Baikonur

(bÿ -ko-noor) A space center or cosmodrome in Kazakhstan, NE of the Aral Sea, that is the location of the main launch site for spacecraft of the Russian Federation and (prior to 1992) the Soviet Union. First used for missile and rocket launches in the mid-1950s, the Baikonur Cosmodrome was the site from which the first artificial satellite, Sputnik 1, was launched, Oct. 4 1957, and from which Vostok 1 carried into orbit Yuri Gagarin, the first person ever to travel in space, Apr. 12 1961.

Baikonur

 

one of the largest space installations in the Soviet Union; located in the Karaganda Oblast, of the Kazakh SSR. Many launch complexes, technical posts, and measuring points for the execution of a broad program of space research were built at Baikonur. Many measuring points are situated along the installation’s routes. The first artificial earth satellite in the world was launched from Baikonur, and it was from here that Iu. A. Gagarin made the first manned space flight and that the first space flight by a woman—V. V. Tereshkova—was launched. Many other space research launchings were carried out at Baikonur.

References in periodicals archive ?
Khaleej Times is on ground in Moscow and following Al Mansoori's activities in Russia before he travels to Baikonur, Kazakhstan.
The ambassador also noted that the flight of the first Emirati astronaut Hazza Al Mansouri from Baikonur Cosmodrome is planned on September 25.
'The heavy lift Proton-M carrier rocket, which was launched from the Baikonur space center at 00:56 Moscow Time today, August 6, successfully delivered the Defense Ministry's spacecraft into the designated orbit as scheduled,' the ministry said.
The discussion took place within the working visit of the Governor of the region Iskakov Kuanyshbek to Baikonur city, where he held a meeting with Director General of Roscosmos Dmitry Rogozin.
The Soyuz capsule docked at 22:48 GMT Saturday, just six hours and 20 minutes after blasting off from Russia's launch complex in Baikonur, Kazakhstan.
Video posted on the website of the Roskosmos, the Russian space agency, showed a Proton-M rocket carrying the Spektr-RG taking off from the launch pad at Baikonur.
New NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine, who watched the launch at the Russian-leased Baikonur cosmodrome with his Russian counterpart, said Hague and Ovchinin were in good condition.
London: In the first joint internationally financed project in renewable energy the EBRD is organising a loan together with the Clean Technology Fund (CTF) and the Asian Development Bank (ADB) to fund the construction of a 50 MW solar power plant in Baikonur in central Kazakhstan, a region known as the base for space exploration and a testing ground.
(1940 GMT) Friday came two days after the capsule blasted off from Russia's manned space launch complex in Baikonur, Kazakhstan.
Commander Anton Shkaplerov of Roscosmos and flight engineers Norishige Kanai of Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency and Scott Tingle of NASA lifted off from the Baikonur Cosmodrome at 1:21 p.m.
The Amazonas 5 satellite has arrived at the International Launch Services (ILS) launch site in Baikonur, Kazakhstan aboard an Antonov aircraft, commonly used to transport heavy components.