Baikonur Cosmodrome

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Baikonur or Baykonur Cosmodrome

(both: bī'kəno͞or`), formerly secret aerospace launch complex, Qyzylorda prov., S central Kazakhstan, near Baikonur (originally, 1958–95, Leninsk) but c.200 mi (320 km) SW of the mining town of Baikonur, whose name it was given to mislead the curious. The first facilities were built in the mid-1950s and served as the center for the Soviet space program. In Aug., 1957, the site was used to test an intercontinental ballistic missile; less than two months later Sputnik I, the world's first artificial satellite, was launched from Baikonur. In 1961 human spaceflight began there when the Vostok piloted by Yuri GagarinGagarin, Yuri Alekseyevich
, 1934–68, Russian astronaut (cosmonaut), b. near Gzhatsk, RSFSR. He was the first in history to be rocketed into orbital space flight. His flight on Apr. 12, 1961, lasted 1 hr. 48 min. and circled the earth once.
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 was launched and orbited the earth, and all subsequent Soviet missions originated there. After the breakup of the USSR, the Cosmodrome reverted to Kazakhstan, but since the early 1990s it has been leased by Russia for its space program. It also is used for missions to the International Space Station.
References in periodicals archive ?
United States], December 17 (ANI): A Russian Soyuz spacecraft, carrying a three-member crew of astronauts from Japan, Russia and the United States, was launched on Sunday to the International Space Station (ISS) from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan.
Electronic auction: maintaining the potential of the baikonur cosmodrome (maintaining the readiness for the intended use of the components of the equipment of the republic of belarus "fregat" at the launch and technical facilities of the baikonur cosmodrome)
M2 EQUITYBITES-November 24, 2016-Echostar announces arrival of EchoStar XXI satellite at Baikonur Cosmodrome for launch on 22 December 2016
MOSKOVA (CyHAN)- The first in history Russia-EU mission to Mars takes off from the Baikonur Cosmodrome.
There is no direct connection between the mass die-off of saiga antelopes and launches of the Russian rocket-carriers Proton at the Baikonur cosmodrome, said acting chairman of the Aerospace Committee of the Ministry of Investment and Development of Kazakhstan Meirbek Moldabekov.
That's where Volga-Dnepr Airlines stepped in to deliver two Russian telecommunications satellites--Express AM7 and Express AM8 from Toulouse, France, to Kransnoyarsk, Russia, to the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan.
MOSCOW -- An unmanned Russian Proton-M carrier rocket exploded Tuesday on takeoff at the Baikonur cosmodrome in Kazakhstan, in images broadcast live on national television.
Summary: An unmanned Russian carrier rocket exploded Tuesday on takeoff at the Baikonur cosmodrome in Kazakhstan, .
Summary: An unpiloted Russian craft carrying cargo for the International Space Station has launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan.
The UKUBE-1 will be blasted into orbit from Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan.
Moscow, Ramadan 3, 1433, Jul 22, 2012, SPA - A Russian Soyuz rocket took off Sunday from the Baikonur cosmodrome in Kazakhstan, carrying satellites from Germany, Russia, Belarus and Canada, cosmodrome authorities said.
It's likely that Russia's Phobos-Grunt spacecraft, launched November 8 from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan and aiming for the Mars moon Phobos, will fall back to Earth--but where and when are still unknown.