Baikonur Cosmodrome


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Baikonur or Baykonur Cosmodrome

(both: bī'kəno͞or`), formerly secret aerospace launch complex, Qyzylorda prov., S central Kazakhstan, near Baikonur (originally, 1958–95, Leninsk) but c.200 mi (320 km) SW of the mining town of Baikonur, whose name it was given to mislead the curious. The first facilities were built in the mid-1950s and served as the center for the Soviet space program. In Aug., 1957, the site was used to test an intercontinental ballistic missile; less than two months later Sputnik I, the world's first artificial satellite, was launched from Baikonur. In 1961 human spaceflight began there when the Vostok piloted by Yuri GagarinGagarin, Yuri Alekseyevich
, 1934–68, Russian astronaut (cosmonaut), b. near Gzhatsk, RSFSR. He was the first in history to be rocketed into orbital space flight. His flight on Apr. 12, 1961, lasted 1 hr. 48 min. and circled the earth once.
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 was launched and orbited the earth, and all subsequent Soviet missions originated there. After the breakup of the USSR, the Cosmodrome reverted to Kazakhstan, but since the early 1990s it has been leased by Russia for its space program. It also is used for missions to the International Space Station.
References in periodicals archive ?
Hazza will be accompanied by his crewmates Nasa astronaut Jessica Meir and Russian commander Oleg Skripochka for the trip onboard a Soyuz MS-15 spacecraft that will be launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan.
The humanoid Skybot F-850 unit, called FEDOR (Final Experimental Demonstration Object Research), was launched yesterday in an unmanned Soyuz MS-14 spacecraft at the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan.
The ambassador also noted that the flight of the first Emirati astronaut Hazza Al Mansouri from Baikonur Cosmodrome is planned on September 25.
Summary: Moscow [Russia], July 31 (Sputnik/ANI): Russia on Wednesday launched the Progress MS-12 cargo spacecraft to the International Space Station (ISS) from the Baikonur cosmodrome in Kazakhstan.
It was constructed to service the Baikonur Cosmodrome. The rented area is an ellipse measuring 90 kilometeres east to west and by 85 km north to south, with the cosmodrome situated at the area's center.
The Russian Direct Investment Fund (RDIF) in partnership with the Middle East investors and with the support of the Roscosmos State Corporation for Space Activities said $87 million will be invested in modernization of infrastructure of Baikonur Cosmodrome, sputniknews.kz reported.
File- Egypt launched, Thursday, EgyptSat-A spacecraft from Kazakhstan's 'Baikonur Cosmodrome' space port.
EDT) from the Russia-leased Baikonur cosmodrome in Kazakhstan atop a Soyuz booster rocket.
Commander Anton Shkaplerov of Roscosmos and flight engineers Norishige Kanai of Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency and Scott Tingle of NASA lifted off from the Baikonur Cosmodrome at 1:21 p.m.
Russia spent billions building the new launch pad as a possible alternative to the Baikonur cosmodrome in Kazakhstan that Moscow has leased from its former Soviet neighbour.
To find the old Soviet space shuttles, the YouTubers broke into an old hangar in the Baikonur Cosmodrome spaceport in Kazakhstan.