Baile Herculane

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Băile Herculane


a balneological health resort in Rumania, 40 km north of Turnu Severin. The climate is mild, with Mediterranean elements. The summers are very warm (average July temperature, 22.5° C), and the winters are mild (average January temperature, -0.9° C); annual precipitation is about 800 mm. Therapeutic resources include chloride-sodium-calcium thermal mineral springs (temperature, 24°-50° C), with 46 g/m3 or g/l hydrogen sulfide. These waters are used for bathing, inhalation, and irrigation; the water of springs with a low hydrogen sulfide content is used for drinking. The resort treats patients with motor-supportive and peripheral nervous disorders, gynecological diseases, and diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and the upper respiratory tract, as well as persons with chronic poisoning from heavy metals. There are sanatoriums, bathhouses, boarding houses, hotels, and athletic installations.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Almost two millennia later, the same spa, Baile Herculane, continues to welcome its tourists.
Actually, the Romans visited us to use the mineral waters from the west part of the country (Baile Herculane or Sangeorz Bai), and Napoleon III used to send his people to bring to him mineral waters from Calimanesti-Caciulata, because he thought that this waters were magical.
The most important health resorts are Baile Felix, Baile Herculane, Calimanesti-Caciulata, Eforie Nord, Sovata, Sangeorz Bai, Vatra Dornei, Covasna, Baile Tusnad, Mangalia etc.
The mineral and thermal springs were valued and "resorts" were established as areas for cure and recreation (Baile Herculane, Geoagiu Bai, Moneasa etc).
During the 1850--1918 period, more tourist locations started to develop in Romania based on their mineral and thermal resources (Slanic Moldova, Baile Tusnad, Govora, Baile Herculane, etc).
Out of the 70 existing spas only 25 are classified as of national interest, and just some of these attract a few foreign tourists: Baile Felix, Baile Herculane, Calimanesti-Caciulata, Covasna, Bale Tusnad, Slanic Moldova, Vatra Dornei, Eforie, Mangalia (
In the Carpathian Mountains (in the depressions), the majority of the spas are in association with the "moffetic aureola" predominantly in the Eastern (Vatra Dornei, Sangeorz Bai, Baile Tusnad, Slanic Moldova, Covasna) and the Western Carpathians (Baile Herculane, Geoagiu Bai, Moneasa, Vata de Jos).
At the request of the Ministry of Regional Development and Tourism (MDRT), the French company Detente Consultants (2009) developed a research program targeting 15 main Romanian spas (Mangalia, Eforie Nord, Covasna, Slanic Moldova, Vatra Dornei, Borsec, Baile Herculane, Buzias, Sovata, Bazna, Ocna Sibiului, Baile Felix, Baile Tusnad, Calimanesti and Govora).
The number of tickets offered each year is always short of demand especially considering the most requested resorts: Baile Tusnad, Slanic Prahova, Slanic Moldova, Targu Ocna, Sinaia, Sangeorz-Bai, Sarata Monteoru, Pucioasa, Eforie Sud, Eforie Nord, Techirghiol, Neptun, Olanesti, Lacu Sarat, Amara, Baile Herculane, Buzias, Govora, Baile Felix, CalimanestiCaciulata, Vatra Dornei, Tusnad si Sovata (
(MGAB); 1[female] Caras-Severin: Baile Herculane (44[degrees]52'00"N, 22[degrees]26'05"E) hand collecting, 10 May 2007, Ioan Duma leg.
Leaving the boat at Orsova, an excursion visits the Romanian resort spa at Baile Herculane where the present 19th century medicinal baths were built next to the early Roman site.