Bailli

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Bailli

 

one of the royal officials of medieval France. The position of the bailli as the highest administrative figure in the region of his jurisdiction (bailliage) was established in northern France in the late 12th century. The bailli had very broad powers, chiefly judicial. In the 15th and 16th centuries the bailli’s range of functions was narrowed, and his significance declined. During the French Revolution the bailli’s post was abolished.

REFERENCES

Ardashev, P. N. Frantsuzskii bailli.... Kiev, 1910.
Dupont-Ferrier, G. Les officiers royaux des bailliages. ... Paris, 1902.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Baillis, a veteran executive in the title industry who previously served as vice president for First American's National Commercial Services, joined TRG in late 2016 and successfully set plans in motion for the company's strategic expansion to offer national commercial title services by aligning the 40 local operations within TRG's existing footprint to serve national commercial clients.
[s]'il arrive quelque dispute au sujet de bris ou de reparation de clotures, sur la plainte qu'il en recevra, le bailli sommera de comparaitre, le defendeur qui devra choisir trois personnes desinteressees; le plaignant en choisira trois autres et ces six arbitres presides par le bailli regleront la dispute [...] et la personne trouvee en faute devra payer une somme n'excedant pas un schilling a celle qui aura eu gain de cause (20).
The same month about 60 steel packers at Shotton, employed by contractors M J Baillis, had their hours drastically reduced and their wages slashed in half.
Because the Lover doesn't know the answer, Reason replies politically that Bien t'en crei, car paisible e quei Trestuit cil dou monde vivraient, Jamais rei ne prince n'avraient; Ne serait baillis ne prevoz, Tant vivrait li peuples devoz; Jamais juiges n'orrait clamour: Donc di je que meauz vaut Amour Simplement que ne fait Joustice, Tout aille ele contre Malice, Qui fu mere des seignouries, Don les franchises sont peries, Car, se ne fust maus e pechiez, Don li mondes est entechiez, L'en n'eust onques rei veu Ne juige en terre queneu.
By the fourteenth century the French king was militarily dominant, having added the largest part of former West-Francia to his royal domain; he ruled by means of an extensive specialized, professional bureaucracy of "prevots," "baillis," "senechaux," and "enqueteurs-reformateurs"; he commanded important resources through taxation ("taille," "gabelle"); and he was recognized as the highest secular authority in his realm by the pope in the bull Rex Gloriae.