Bailyn, Bernard(bā`lĭn), 1922–2020, U.S. historian, b. Hartford, Conn. After receiving his Ph.D. from Harvard (1953), he taught U.S. colonial history there, becoming a full professor in 1961 (emeritus from 1993). He won the Pulitzer Prize twice, for The Ideological Origins of the American Revolution (1967), which challenged long-standing interpretations of the causes of the American Revolution, and Voyagers to the West (1986). His other books include The New England Merchants in the Seventeenth Century (1955), Massachusetts Shipping, 1697–1714 (1959; one of the first historical works to use a computer to analyze data), Education in the Forming of American Society (1960), The Origins of American Politics (1968), The Ordeal of Thomas Hutchinson (1974), The Peopling of British North America (1986), On the Teaching and Writing of History (1994), To Begin the World Anew: The Genius and Ambiguities of the American Founders (2003), and The Barbarous Years (2012). Illuminating History (2020) is an intellectual memoir focused by documents and persons that interested him over his seven decades as a historian.
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Bailyn, Bernard(1922– ) historian; born in Hartford, Conn. He received his Ph.D. from Harvard University and began teaching there in 1953. His Ideological Origins of the American Revolution received Pulitzer and Bancroft Prizes (1968); Voyagers to the West received the Pulitzer Prize in 1986. An authority on the American Revolutionary period, he was president of the American Historical Association in 1981 and became director of the Charles Warren Center for Studies in American History in 1983.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.