Bairam Shakhir

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Bairam Shakhir


(surname, Mamedov). Born 1871 in the village of Garchydzhevsk, Krasnovodsk Raion; died 1948. Turkmen folk poet. Worked as a hired farm laborer from the age of seven.

Bairam Shakhir’s first verses, which he began composing when he was 16, were directed against the bais (wealthy landowners), mullahs, and ishans (religious leaders)—for example, “An Answer to Kiasim Mullah” and “Ata-eke.” He wrote about the hard lot of the people. His poems “Let’s Go, Brothers, Against the Enemy” (1919), “Advance,” and “Poverty” (1924) called the people to a new life. Bairam Shakhir wrote about collective labor and the homeland (“I Stay” and “Look”). His work is the connecting link between classical and modern Turkmen literature.


Saylananäsärlär. Ashkhabad, 1961.


Oraztaganov, A. Bayran shakhïrïn omri ve deredizhiligi. Ashkhabad. 1961.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.