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(bäkä`sē), peninsula, c.400 sq mi (1,000 sq km), E Cameroon, on the Cameroon-Nigeria border, at the SE end of the Gulf of Guinea. The swampy peninsula and associated small islands are strategically located, controlling access to the Nigerian port of CalabarCalabar
, city (1991 est. pop. 154,000), SE Nigeria, a port on an estuary of the Gulf of Guinea. Rubber is processed, and palm oil, cacao, rubber, and timber are exported. Calabar, an important Niger delta trading state in the 19th cent., grew as a center of the palm oil trade.
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; the surrounding waters are rich in fish and submarine oil deposits. The traditional inhabitants are mainly Efik fishermen with historical ties to Nigeria.

In 1961 the S British CameroonsCameroons,
Fr. Cameroun, Ger. Kamerun, former German colony, W Africa, on the Gulf of Guinea and extending N to Lake Chad. Germany's penetration of the area began in 1884 and by 1902 its possession was recognized.
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 (a former German colony) became part of Cameroon, while the northern portion joined Nigeria. Control of the peninsula, which was in Nigerian hands, was disputed between the two countries, and military clashes over it occurred sporadically. The dispute was brought in 1994 by Cameroon to International Court of Justice, which awarded the peninsula to Cameroon in 2002. The judgment was largely based on the 1913 Anglo-German agreement that defined the borders of those nations colonies.

A 2006 agreement established a two-year timetable for the handover of the peninsula; the inhabitants could remain as Cameroonian citizens or be resettled in Nigeria. The handover process began in Aug., 2006, when Nigeria withdrew its troops from the region, and the northern portion was transferred to Cameroon. The transfer of the region was completed in Aug., 2008. Many residents moved from Bakassi to Nigeria, both before and after the transfer was completed, and there have been clashes between Cameroonian forces and residents opposed to the handover.

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References in periodicals archive ?
Relations between Nigeria and Cameroon have been fraught for years because of territorial disputes, in particular over the oil-rich Bakassi peninsula, which eventually was awarded to Cameroon by an international court.
Nigeria and Cameroon have accumulated distrust over numerous small border disagreements and, most significantly, the disputed Bakassi peninsula.
2] continental shelf and the Bakassi peninsula, believed to maintain a wealth of fish.
YAOUNDE -- Pirates have kidnapped a Cameroonian traditional prince and his companion on the country's volatile Bakassi peninsula, a security source and media reports said Tuesday.
Topics include forms of elite-state resistance, the role of the opposition Social Democratic Front, the effects of privatization and the push for globally open markets on relations between the state and private capital accumulation, secessionist movements in Anglophone Cameroon in relation to the neoliberal project, the border conflict between Cameroon and Nigeria over the oil-rich Bakassi Peninsula, the impact of the growing economic engagement of China, the economic motivations behind the student strikes at the U.
A month after the regime change, Abacha rattled the region by invading the Bakassi Peninsula, a purportedly oil-rich territory disputed with Cameroon.
Attacks are on the rise in the Atlantic ocean near the Bakassi Peninsula,.
The Bakassi peninsula is situated on the border of Cameroon and Nigeria and is said to contain up to ten per cent of the world's oil and gas reserves.
The handover of the previously disputed Bakassi peninsula by Nigeria, following arbitration by the UN to determine the international border between the two countries, is likely to increase Cameroon's hydrocarbon production, as the Bakassi peninsula is known to be an oil-rich region.
We are working together with the Cameroon authorities on ways and means of seeking their release," an embassy official said of Friday s hijack in international waters off the Bakassi peninsula.
An armed group in Cameroon has released 10 hostages seized from an oil supply vessel in the Bakassi peninsula.