Bakhchisarai

Bakhchisarai

 

(in Turkic, “garden palace,” from Persian [Turkic] bakhche, “little garden,” and sarai, “palace”), a city; center of Bakhchisarai Raion, Crimean Oblast, Ukrainian SSR. Located in the picturesque valley of the Churuksu River (a tributary of the Kacha), between the northern and central ridges of the Crimean Mountains, on the Simferopol’-Sevastopol’ highway. The city has a railroad station. Population, 15,000 (1969).

Bakhchisarai has an essential oil plant, a winery, a juice-extracting and canning plant, a dairy, a cement plant, a reinforced-concrete product plant, a woodworking plant, and a spinning factory. It also has a construction technicum. Bakhchisarai was founded in the early 16th century by Khan Mengli-Girei and was the capital of the Crimean Khanate until its incorporation into Russia in 1783. Architectural monuments in Bakhchisarai that are widely known are the complex of the former palace of the khan (16th century, rebuilt in 1787 after a fire, then repeatedly restored; now a historical and archaeological museum) with the Ambassador’s Gates executed by Aloisio Friazin the Younger; and numerous mausoleums and madrasas (14th—18th centuries). The Fountain of Tears (1764, by the master Omar), which has been the subject of poems by A. S. Pushkin and A. Mickiewicz, has been preserved. The ruins of Chufut-Kale, a medieval cave city and fortress, are outside the town. The Bakhchisarai Peace Treaty of 1681 between Russia and Turkey was signed in Bakhchisarai.

REFERENCE

[Nogaevskaia, E. V.] Bakhchisarai: Putevoditel’. Simferopol’, 1967.
References in periodicals archive ?
Major organization : ADMINISTRATION OF THE CITY OF BAKHCHISARAI REPUBLIC OF CRIMEA
Russia's Perm Opera & Ballet Theatre will present The Fountain of Bakhchisarai, inspired by the poem of the same title by Alexander Pushkin in November.
41) Even Gasprinskii's supporters continued to follow this pattern of matriculating based on personal connections through the 1890s, either going to Bakhchisarai themselves or sending their sons to Gasprinskii to be instructed in how to teach by the new method.
Holotype male Ukraine: Crimea, Plateau Tshufut-Kale near Bakhchisarai city, 6-X-2005, dry bush, soil, leg.
The Russian tricolor flags were painted on the vehicles, which were parked on the side of the road near the town of Bakhchisarai, apparently because one of them had mechanical problems.
In chapter 2, Hokanson thoughtfully analyzes The Fountain of Bakhchisarai, making the case that this poema's emphasis on non-Russian and female characters "create[d] entirely new possibilities for Russian literature and for the topics that [it could] address" (77).
Apart from Kitri in Don Quixote, which was her favorite role (she danced it in besieged Moscow in 1941 to keep up the morale of the Russian troops), Sulamith was also known for her ebullient Zarema in The Fountain off Bakhchisarai, her vivacious Lise in La Fille mal gardee, and her heroic Jeanne in The Flames of Paris, the role for which she was awarded a Stalin's prize.
There, however, despite contributing to the restoration of the Khan's Palace at Bakhchisarai, a project on which Cameron had also been engaged following Russia's acquisition of the Crimea in 1783, most of his work appears to have gone no further than the paper on which it was drawn.
It is also an elaborate and intimate dialogue between the author and Alexander Pushkin, interwoven with two other important dialogues: one between the author and the archetypal myth of Philomela, the other with the imaginary figure of Maria Potocka, the heroine of Pushkin's Fountain of Bakhchisarai.
He's already at it: In October, the Central Ballet of China will produce his new version of The Fountains of Bakhchisarai.
Manon is a choreographic drama--a genre once premiered frequently by the Kirov Ballet; The Fountain of Bakhchisarai (1934) and Romeo and Juliet (1940) are both still in the Maryinsky's repertoire.