Bakhchisarai

Bakhchisarai

 

(in Turkic, “garden palace,” from Persian [Turkic] bakhche, “little garden,” and sarai, “palace”), a city; center of Bakhchisarai Raion, Crimean Oblast, Ukrainian SSR. Located in the picturesque valley of the Churuksu River (a tributary of the Kacha), between the northern and central ridges of the Crimean Mountains, on the Simferopol’-Sevastopol’ highway. The city has a railroad station. Population, 15,000 (1969).

Bakhchisarai has an essential oil plant, a winery, a juice-extracting and canning plant, a dairy, a cement plant, a reinforced-concrete product plant, a woodworking plant, and a spinning factory. It also has a construction technicum. Bakhchisarai was founded in the early 16th century by Khan Mengli-Girei and was the capital of the Crimean Khanate until its incorporation into Russia in 1783. Architectural monuments in Bakhchisarai that are widely known are the complex of the former palace of the khan (16th century, rebuilt in 1787 after a fire, then repeatedly restored; now a historical and archaeological museum) with the Ambassador’s Gates executed by Aloisio Friazin the Younger; and numerous mausoleums and madrasas (14th—18th centuries). The Fountain of Tears (1764, by the master Omar), which has been the subject of poems by A. S. Pushkin and A. Mickiewicz, has been preserved. The ruins of Chufut-Kale, a medieval cave city and fortress, are outside the town. The Bakhchisarai Peace Treaty of 1681 between Russia and Turkey was signed in Bakhchisarai.

REFERENCE

[Nogaevskaia, E. V.] Bakhchisarai: Putevoditel’. Simferopol’, 1967.
References in periodicals archive ?
Feature documentary projects in development include films such as The Fountain of Bakhchisarai by Mohamed Taher (Egypt), Those Who Remained by Lina Sinjab (Lebanon), Yalla, Baba!
The Arab Cinema Centre granted Egyptian Director, Mohamed Taher, an invitation to attend Rotterdam Lab at the International Film Festival Rotterdam (IFFR) for his film, The Fountain of Bakhchisarai. The film is produced by Mohamed Taher and Amir El-Shenawy.
Our foremost poet has marked his trips to various parts of Russia with works worthy of his glorious pen: from the Caucasus he gave us The Prisoner of the Caucasus, in Crimea he wrote The Fountain of Bakhchisarai, in Bessarabia he wrote The Gypsies, in the provinces he described the exquisite scenes of Onegin.
Muscat, Nov 30 (ONA) Fountain of Tears Ballet also known as (The Fountain of Bakhchisarai) was presented tonight by Ballet Troupe of Russian City of Perm at Royal Opera House Muscat.
Russia's Perm Opera & Ballet Theatre will present The Fountain of Bakhchisarai, inspired by the poem of the same title by Alexander Pushkin in November.
(41) Even Gasprinskii's supporters continued to follow this pattern of matriculating based on personal connections through the 1890s, either going to Bakhchisarai themselves or sending their sons to Gasprinskii to be instructed in how to teach by the new method.
Holotype male Ukraine: Crimea, Plateau Tshufut-Kale near Bakhchisarai city, 6-X-2005, dry bush, soil, leg.
The Russian tricolor flags were painted on the vehicles, which were parked on the side of the road near the town of Bakhchisarai, apparently because one of them had mechanical problems.
nvsec.org/docs/sea bakhchisarai report final ru.doc
Apart from Kitri in Don Quixote, which was her favorite role (she danced it in besieged Moscow in 1941 to keep up the morale of the Russian troops), Sulamith was also known for her ebullient Zarema in The Fountain off Bakhchisarai, her vivacious Lise in La Fille mal gardee, and her heroic Jeanne in The Flames of Paris, the role for which she was awarded a Stalin's prize.
There, however, despite contributing to the restoration of the Khan's Palace at Bakhchisarai, a project on which Cameron had also been engaged following Russia's acquisition of the Crimea in 1783, most of his work appears to have gone no further than the paper on which it was drawn.