Bakhchisarai, Peace Treaty of 1681
Bakhchisarai, Peace Treaty of (1681)
a treaty for 20 years providing for a cease-fire between Russia, Turkey, and the Crimean Khanate, ending the wars of the 1670’s. Several Russian ambassadors were dispatched to the Crimea on Aug. 26, 1680: V. M. Tiapkin, diplomatic representative in Poland, the official N. M. Zotov (a clerk of the Department of Complaints, mentor of Tsarevich Petr Alekseevich, the future Peter I the Great), and the Ukrainian clerk S. Rakovich. The treaty was concluded in Bakhchisarai on January 13. It contained the following terms: the border between Russia and Turkey was to run along the Dnieper, and Russia was to retain the cities of Kiev, Vasil’kov, and Tripol’e and the small towns of Dedovshchina and Radomyshl’. Turkey recognized the Left-bank Ukraine and Kiev as part of Russia and the Zaporozh’e Cossacks as its subjects. A neutral zone was created between the Bug and the Dnieper. The Crimean Tatars received the right to lead a nomadic life and hunt in the steppes on the banks of the Dnieper and near other rivers, and the Cossacks and other Russians received the right to fish in the Dnieper and its tributaries, to extract salt, to hunt, and to navigate freely on the Dnieper down to the Black Sea.
REFERENCESPolnoe sobranie zakonov, vol. 2. St. Petersburg, 1830. Numbers 854, 864.
Ocherki istorii SSSR, XVII ν. Moscow, 1955. Chapter 4, paragraph 7.
V. S. BAKULIN