(Turkmen—bagshï; Kazakh—baks’i), folk singers, musicians, storytellers, and poets among the people of Middle Asia.

The word bakhshi comes from the Sanskrit bhikshu, meaning teacher. Among the Mongols, who practiced Buddhism, bakhshi meant a man who knew how to write Uighur script. Therefore, during the time of Genghis Khan and until the 15th century, bureaucratic scribes were called bakhshi. Among shamanists a bakhshi was a sorcerer, a wizard, or a folk doctor shaman who “drove out” evil spirits from the sick with magic songs and the playing of musical instruments.

Bakhshi sing folk songs and epic compositions—dastans—and accompany the singing on two-stringed musical instruments—dutars. (The prose part of a dastan is usually spoken.) Bakhshi have created and preserved an oral tradition. In an almost totally illiterate population, they were also disseminators of classical works. After the October Revolution, many oral works of the bakhshi were transcribed. For teaching complete mastery of the bakhshi art there was a system that gave an important place to poetry competitions.


Uspenskii, V., and V. Beliaev. Turkmenskaia muzyka. Moscow, 1928.


References in periodicals archive ?
The protest held in Hyderpora area of Srinagar was attended by resistance leaders including Noor Mohammad Kalwal, Sheikh Abdur Rasheed, Omar Aadil Dar, Bashir Ahmed Kashmiri, Showkat Ahmed Bakhshi, Mukhtar Ahmed Sofi and Advocate Yasir Ahmed Dalal.
Islamabad -- Due to negligence of Ministry of Interior and Federal Police, the Bakhshi Khan (judicial lock up) situated in district court lacks many basic facilities including clean drinking water facility.
Ehsan Bakhshi, known to his clients as Sam, claims he had complained about restaurant staff at Total Fitness in Waterloo frying bacon at 6am while he was leading fitness training - but says he was to be told that nobody else had complained and that he should leave.
Tenders are invited for Providing, fabricating and erecting net railing system for newly established Cricket Academy at Bakhshi Stadium Srinagar Kashmir
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Maxeler Technologies, pioneer of Maximum Performance Computing, is delighted to announce its most recent hire to its senior management team with its appointment of its new Director of Government Affairs, Sarbjit Singh Bakhshi.
Bank of the West, a BNP Paribas subsidiary, has appointed of Nandita Bakhshi as president and CEO-designate effective April 1, the company said.
Sandeep Bakhshi, a one-time banker who built the general insurance business for ICICI, then took charge.
Alishia Morasaii, Arash Sedaqatkish, Babak Bidarian, Bahar Behbahani, Dadbeh Basir, and Nasser Bakhshi are among the 20 artists whose works will be displayed at the event.
The Taekwondo Federation Chief Zia-ul- Haq Bakhshi, confirmed Nikpa lost the match to his rival.
The researchers, Saeideh Bakhshi, a doctoral student at the Georgia Institute of Technology; her husband, Partha Kanuparthy, who works for Yahoo Labs; and Eric Gilbert, an assistant professor at the university, said the weather's seeming sway over reviews surprised them the most.
Lead researcher Saeideh Bakhshi explained that the more users post, the less feedback they're going to get, adding that posting too much decreases likes two times faster than comments.