Bakhtiari


Also found in: Wikipedia.

Bakhtiari

(bäkh'tēä`rē, –ärē`, băkh'–), tribal group, numbering around 850,000, living in SW Iran, in a mountainous region (c.25,000 sq mi/64,750 sq km) in Khuzestan and Esfahan provs. They are mostly nomadic, migrating seasonally with their livestock. The Bakhtiari are Shiite Muslims and are famed for their courage and independence. Women enjoy a high position in the patrilineal society. The group can be divided into two large branches, the Haftlang, with about 55 tribes, and the Charlang, with about 25. The Bakhtiari originally migrated (10th cent.) from Syria to Iran, and until the 15th cent. were known as the Great Lurs. In the early 20th cent., after the discovery of oil in the region they inhabit, their chiefs were courted by the British and were paid to protect oil pipelines. The Bakhtiari played a decisive part in the deposition of Muhammad Ali Shah in 1908–9. Reza Shah Pahlevi forced many of them to abandon their nomadic ways and to settle in permanent communities; after his deposition in 1941, however, many Bakhtiari returned to nomadism. Muhammad Reza Shah was married (1951–58) to Soraya, the daughter of a Bakhtiari chieftain.

Bakhtiari

 

a group of tribes in southwestern Iran, living for the most part in eastern Luristan in Bakhtiari district. They are considered to be an ancient population of Iran that settled the southwestern regions before the Arab conquests. In 1967 the Bakhtiari numbered approximately 450,000 persons. The Bakhtiari language belongs to the northwestern branch of Iranian languages. The religion is Shia Islam. The Bakhtiari are divided into two groups: the Haft Lang in the north and the Chahar Lang in the south. They retain vestiges of patriarchal-tribal culture. Their chief occupation is herding (sheep, goats, and asses); part of the male population works in petroleum enterprises.

REFERENCES

Narody Perednei Azii. Moscow, 1957.
Trubetskoi, V. V. Bakhtiary. Moscow, 1966.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Bombardier C160 was a private jet carrying 11 passengers and was en route to Turkey when it crashed in Ardal Naqan region near the city of Shar-e Kord some 370 kilometers (230 miles) south of the capital Tehran, in the southwestern province of Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari.
The blackbox of the Turkish private jet that crashed in southwestern Iran on Sunday night was found, deputy governor of Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari Province said on Monday.
The aircraft crashed in Kiyar district of Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari Province.
The augmented reality experience offered fans a virtual space to interact with their favorite players including Jordy Nelson, Randall Cobb, David Bakhtiari and Bryan Bulaga.
A local source told the National Iraqi News Agency (NINA) that unidentified gunmen opened fire on shops in Bakhtiari district in Khanaqin district northeast of Baquba, killing seven civilians and injuring two others .
A group of rural women in Chahar Mahal va Bakhtiari Province have built a five-kilometer road to their remote village when no one else would do it.
Babak Bakhtiari, an Arlington Heights attorney representing District 155, said officials cannot comment on pending litigation and are in the process of reviewing the lawsuit.
Analyst, Laurent Bakhtiari, said that Credit Suisse could be acquired by another company, while such as a scenario was unthinkable a few months ago.
ySFAHAN (CyHAN)- An earthquake measuring five on the Richter scale jolted Naghan city in Iran's south eastern province of Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari March 31.
Quratulain Bakhtiari, founder of the Institute for Development Studies and Practices (IDSP) Pakistan, and Yousuf Bashir Qureshi, a well-known artist and peace activist, were panelists at the roundtable discussion.
Offensive tackle David Bakhtiari (ankle), defensive tackle Letroy Guion (foot) and tight end Justin Perillo (hamstring) are other injury concerns.
Here essays based on seven of their presentations discuss reenacting the past and negotiating the present in the `Arus-i Qoraysh ritual of Iranian women; sofrih and walima: food as ritual in the Islamic Republic of Iran; Gageriveh; Bakhtiari women's lamentations: between self-suffering and tribal identity; healing rituals among female Turkmans of Iran; feeling, funerals, and female Muslim-Hui in southwest Shandong, China; methodological implications of the researcher's gender and religion: reflections on fieldwork with Sufi women in Istanbul, and women transferring Shia rituals in western migrancy.