Mikhail Bakhtin

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Bakhtin, Mikhail Mikhailovich

 

Born Nov. 5 (17), 1895, in the city of Orel. Soviet Russian literary scholar.

In 1920, Bakhtin began his pedagogical and literary work. In his book Problems in Dostoevsky’s Works (1929) he studied the polyphonic character of the author’s artistic thought. In his book on F. Rabelais (1965), Bakhtin analyzed the essence of the comic and the grotesque, the popular “carnivalization” of art. He is also the author of articles on L. N. Tolstoy (1930) and works on the theory of literature.

WORKS

Problemy poetiki Dostoevskogo, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1963.
Tvorchestvo F. Rable i narodnaia kul’tura Srednevekov’ia i Renessansa. Moscow, 1965.
“Epos i roman.” Voprosy literatury, 1970, no. 1.

REFERENCES

Lunacharskii, A. V. “O’mnogogolosnosti’ Dostoevskogo.” In his book Stat’i o literature. Moscow, 1957.
Shubin, L. “Gumanizm Dostoevskogo i’dostoevshchina’.” Voprosy literatury, 1965, no. 1.
Pospelov,G. “Preuvelicheniia ot uvlecheniia.” Voprosy literatury, 1965, no. 1.
Pinskii, L. “Rable v novom osveshchenii.” Voprosy literatury, 1966, no. 6.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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In order to provide a theoretical basis for the study of the production of children's texts, we will discuss the notion of utterance, as elaborated in the writings of Mikhail Bakhtin. According to this author, the utterance is always addressed to an interlocutor, because even "[...] each person's inner world and thought has its stabilized social audience that comprises the environment in which reasons, motives, values, and so on are fashioned." (Bakhtin, 2004, p.
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That power is an idea she owes to the Russian literary theorist Mikhail Bakhtin. Prompted by the parodic aspects of the art of the Russian avant-garde--which still have not received the scholarly attention they merit--Bakhtin first highlighted the critical and emancipatory potential of the grotesque, of impersonation and carnival, in the 1930s.
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Para o pensador russo Mikhail Bakhtin, dois enunciados confrontados, mesmo que toquem levemente o mesmo tema ou ideia entram inevitavelmente em relacoes dialogicas entre si, "eles se tocam no territorio do tema comum, do pensamento comum" (Bakhtin, 1992:320).