Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.


(bəkē`) or


(bəko͞o`), city (1991 pop. 1,782,000), capital of Azerbaijan, on the Caspian Sea. Greater Bakı includes almost the whole AbsheronAbsheron
or Apsheron
, peninsula, c.40 mi (60 km) long, extending into the Caspian Sea, E Azerbaijan. It is a dry, hilly area at the eastern end of the Greater Caucasus Mts. and is underlain by rich oil-bearing rock strata.
..... Click the link for more information.
 peninsula, on which Bakı proper is situated; the city is located below sea level. The city was a leading Soviet industrial and cultural center and until World War II was the USSR's chief petroleum center. It handled one of the greatest volumes of freight (mainly oil and oil products) of any Soviet port. Oil drilling (especially on the Absheron peninsula and offshore) is the major economic activity. Bakı has many oil refineries and factories that produce oil-field equipment, and is one terminus of a pipeline that extends to near Ceyhan, Turkey. Other important industries include shipbuilding and the processing of food and tobacco. The city is linked by rail to Russia, Georgia, and Turkey. Many of Bakı's people are Azeri (46%), but there are large numbers of Russians and Armenians.

The city was first mentioned in a 9th-century chronicle; but as early as the 6th cent. B.C. oil and gas wells in the area were worshiped, and shrines were made of constantly burning fires. Bakı was a great medieval trade and craft center. It flourished in the 15th cent. under the independent Shirvan shahs and from 1509 to 1723 under Persian rule. Captured by Peter I in 1723, it was returned to Persia in 1735. Russia annexed it definitively in 1806. Oil production began in the late 19th cent. Taken by the Bolsheviks in 1917, the city was occupied during the next two years by the White Army and its foreign allies (mainly Britain). From 1918 to 1920, Bakı belonged to the independent, anti-Bolshevik Azerbaijan republic. In Jan., 1990, Bakı was the scene of fierce fighting as Soviet forces put down Azeri militants who had declared independence. Since independence (1991) Azerbaijan's economic growth has been disproportionately concentrated in Bakı.

The Old City, comprising the 13th-century fortress of Bad-Kube, has narrow, winding streets, several mosques, and the 17th-century palace of the khans of Bakı, who were vassals of the Persian shahs. The mosque of Synyk-Kala dates from the 11th cent. and the Maiden's Tower from the 12th. In the European-style New City are the university (est. 1920), the Azerbaijan Academy of Sciences, and many other educational and cultural institutions. In recent years new construction—including the Heydar Aliyev Center (2012), Baku Crystal Hall (2012), Flame Towers (2013)—has transformed the city. The Fire Temple, 16 mi (26 km) from the city, still taps an ancient natural gas seepage and was a place of worship for Zoroastrians.


, Baki
the capital of Azerbaijan, a port on the Caspian Sea: important for its extensive oilfields. Pop.: 1 830 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
The President of the Qatar Football Association (QFA), Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa bin Ahmed al-Thani received yesterday Ivonne Abdel Baki, ambassador of Ecuador to Qatar, and Ecuador's Defence Minister, Patricio Zambrano Restrepo at QFA's headquarters located in Al Bidda Tower.
Mohammad Al Hammadi, 28, has directed a 17-minute Arabic short sci-fi film, Al Zaman Al Baki (The Remaining Time).
Abdel Baki said that the total exports of the company in the first half of the current year reached $20m, expected to reach $30m by the end of the year.
Sergis Hadjiadamos, son of the late Andy Adamos, and his family, as well as Baki Bogac and his family will be in Paphos to attend the opening.
amp;nbsp;Police Commissioner Gari Baki said that no deaths were reported but nine students who were injured are receiving medical treatment at Port Moresby General Hospital, the Associated Press (AP) reported.
Mufti Ghulam Mustafa Rizvi, Syed Saeed Ahmed Shah Gujrati, Hafiz Mahmood Tahir Ashrafi, Allama Muhammad Yousaf Awan, Mian Abdul Baki and Mufti Muhammad Ibrahim Qadri and Muhammad Mushtaq Kalota were retired in Jan last, while Allama Muhammad Amin Shahidi, Maulana Fazal Ali and Dr Mufti Muhammad Idrees Somroo had completed their tenure in March.
Baki argues that as mothers, women are uniquely positioned to solve some of the major issues of our time.
Those retiring on January 22 include Mufti Ghulam Mustafa Rizvi, Syed Saeed Ahmed Shah Gujrati, Hafiz Mahmood Tahir Ashrafi, Allama Mohammad Yousaf Awan, Mian Abdul Baki and Mufti Mohammad Ibrahim Qadri while Mohammad Mushtaq Kalota will retire on January 27.
Before entering the prison site, Kylycdaroy-lu shook hands of GE-ldal Mumcu and Baki Euzilhan, who have been holding duty 'wait for hope', started to support DE-ndar and GE-l by some journalists and literates in front of prison.
In 2010, editors Omar Khouri, Hatem Imam, and Fadi Baki were charged with "inciting sectarian strife", "denigrating religion", "publishing false news" and "defamation and slander" for two comics that appeared in the seventh issue of Samandal.
Baki and Alexander present students, academics, researchers, and professionals working in a variety of contexts with an examination of the technology employed in the formulation of a variety of contemporary cosmetic products.
Directed by Nakul Singh and Neha Dixit, the film titled Muzaffarnagar Abhi Baki Hai ( There is more to Muzaffarnagar) was screened in the Kennedy Hall of Aligarh Muslim University ( AMU) amid protests from students who owe allegiance to the SP.