Baklund, Oskar Andreevich
Born Apr. 16, 1846, near Karlstad; died Aug. 16, 1916, in Pulkovo. Russian astronomer. Academician of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences (1883);corresponding member (1881).
Baklund graduated from the university in Uppsala in 1872 and moved to Russia in 1876. In 1895 he became director of the Pulkovo Observatory. He wrote works on celestial mechanics, the most outstanding of which relate to the investigation of the movement of Encke’s comet (Encke-Baklund’s comet). He determined the mass of Mercury. Baklund also wrote works on geodesy. He was a member of several foreign academies and scientific societies.
REFERENCESBelopol’skii, A. A. “Oskar Andreevich Baklund, 1846–1916” (obituary). Izv. imp. Akademii nauk, series 6, 1916; vol. 10, no. 13.
Materialy dlia biograficheskogo slovaria deistvitel’nykh chlenov imp. Akademii nauk, part 1. St. Petersburg, 1915. (Imperial Academy of Sciences, 1889–1914, III.)