Mikhail Bakhtin

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Bakhtin, Mikhail Mikhailovich


Born Nov. 5 (17), 1895, in the city of Orel. Soviet Russian literary scholar.

In 1920, Bakhtin began his pedagogical and literary work. In his book Problems in Dostoevsky’s Works (1929) he studied the polyphonic character of the author’s artistic thought. In his book on F. Rabelais (1965), Bakhtin analyzed the essence of the comic and the grotesque, the popular “carnivalization” of art. He is also the author of articles on L. N. Tolstoy (1930) and works on the theory of literature.


Problemy poetiki Dostoevskogo, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1963.
Tvorchestvo F. Rable i narodnaia kul’tura Srednevekov’ia i Renessansa. Moscow, 1965.
“Epos i roman.” Voprosy literatury, 1970, no. 1.


Lunacharskii, A. V. “O’mnogogolosnosti’ Dostoevskogo.” In his book Stat’i o literature. Moscow, 1957.
Shubin, L. “Gumanizm Dostoevskogo i’dostoevshchina’.” Voprosy literatury, 1965, no. 1.
Pospelov,G. “Preuvelicheniia ot uvlecheniia.” Voprosy literatury, 1965, no. 1.
Pinskii, L. “Rable v novom osveshchenii.” Voprosy literatury, 1966, no. 6.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The period of carnival, according to Bakthin (1984), is a time when people come together to relieve themselves from the prevailing truth and established order; it serves as a good time to oppose official feasts, and is often marked with the "suspension of all hierarchical rank, privileges, norms and prohibitions".
Por meio do aperfeicoamento de uma categoria como a de habitus foi possivel pensar uma nova relacao entre o individuo e a sociedade; a atividade mental do eu/ nos (Bakthin); os recursos discursivos e nao-discursivos (Foucault); o I e o Me (Mead) etc.
As La Capra reminds us, in Bakthin's view, 'the only true free speech is festive, carnivalized speech' (p.
Portanto, toda essa introducao sobre o pensamento de Barthes e realizada no sentido de encaminhar a nossa leitura ao encontro da perspectiva teorica de Severo Sarduy, ja que este se insere numa tradicao literaria, seguindo os rastros de Barthes, Bakthin, Kristeva, Compagnon, entre outros, no que se refere aos estudos sobre a escritura, a polifonia, a intertextualidade e a citacao.
Like Coetzee's novel and Bakthin's theory (in spirit at least), certain descriptions and plotlines in The Echo Maker and Orfeo encourage us to take into account creaturely perspectives, using the image of a musical composition to evoke a more inclusive community.