Balaklava


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Balaklava

(bələklä`və), section of the city of SevastopolSevastopol
, formerly spelled Sebastopol, city (1989 pop. 355,000), on the Crimean peninsula and the Bay of Sevastopol, an inlet of the Black Sea. From 1954 part of Ukraine (then the Ukrainian SSR), it passed to Russian control in 2014 after the occupation and annexation of
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, on the Crimean peninsula. In ancient times it was an important Greek commercial city. In the Middle Ages it belonged to the Genoese until it was taken (1475) by the Turks, who gave it its present name. In the Crimean WarCrimean War
, 1853–56, war between Russia on the one hand and the Ottoman Empire, Great Britain, France, and Sardinia on the other. The causes of the conflict were inherent in the unsolved Eastern Question.
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, Balaklava became famous for an allied victory (Oct., 1854) over the Russians and particularly for the charge of the Light Brigade, celebrated by Tennyson. On Oct. 25, through a disputed error in orders, the earl of CardiganCardigan, James Thomas Brudenell, 7th earl of,
1797–1868, British general. In the Crimean War he led the disastrous cavalry charge at Balaklava (1854) that Tennyson immortalized in
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 led an English light cavalry brigade of some 670 in a hopeless charge on a heavily protected Russian position, and more than two thirds of his men were killed or wounded. Balaklava was the capital of the former Balaklava dist. in the Crimean region until 1957, when it was incorporated into Sevastopol. There are ruins of a Genoese fortress (14th–15th cent.) in Balaklava.

Balaklava

 

a City-raion of Sevastopol’. Until 1957 it was a city of the Crimean Oblast, Ukrainian SSR.

Balaklava is mentioned by Fannius Strabo, Ptolemy, and other ancient authors under the name of Symbalon. From the ninth to the 13th century Symbalon, like other cities of the Black Sea coast, traded with Russia. In 1357 it was conquered by the Genoese, and in 1475 by the Turks, who named it Balaklava, meaning fish nest. In 1783, Balaklava became part of Russia along with the entire Crimea. During the Crimean War of 1853–56, a battle was fought near Balaklava. The Soviet power was established in Balaklava in January 1918. During the Civil War and the military intervention of 1918–20, Balaklava was occupied by the White Guards and liberated by the Red Army in November 1920. During the Great Patriotic War, the workers of Balaklava took part in the partisan movement against the German fascist invaders, who had temporarily occupied the Crimea. Balaklava is located on the shores of a narrow and deep bay. Walls and towers of the 15th century Genoese fortress have been preserved.

Balaklava

, Balaclava
a small port in Ukraine, in S Crimea: scene of an inconclusive battle (1854), which included the charge of the Light Brigade, during the Crimean War
References in periodicals archive ?
In the current list, the Balaklava town was followed by other locations like Port Augusta, Stirling North, Cooper's Creek/Lindon/Myrtle Springs/Witchelina, and Glossop.
19) Indeed while the charge of the Light Cavalry Brigade at Balaklava generated more poetry than any other event in the war (20) (only Florence Nightingale proved as popular a subject), it also generated a peculiar set of challenges for poets of the day.
au/silo/) ranged from 300mm/year at Balaklava to 600mm/year in the Clare region, and then to below 250 mm/year in the Mallee region.
BALAKLAVA 2,1,12,1,11,12,1,22,1 (see 'dug-out' 2 a.
It depicts him on his horse, Sir Briggs, in the ill-fated Charge of the Light Brigade at Balaklava, Ukraine, during the Crimean War in 1854.
The regiment I was in was in the charge of the light brigade of Balaklava in the Crimea, and I went to the 150th anniversary in Crimea.
More than 150 years after the Charge of the Light Brigade up the slopes of Balaklava during the siege of Sevastopol, it is the region we are now beginning to call the Greater Black Sea that commands the attention of the West and which will define relations between Russia and Europe in the first decades of the twenty-first century.
It was used on the field at Alma, Balaklava and Inkermann (61).
In this way, Breaking News continues to map the city of Belfast while Russell's prose provides the distant echo of the imperial battles which named Inkerman, Crimea, Odessa, and Balaklava as streets in Belfast.
Fenton achieved widespread recognition for his photographs of the Crimean War in 1855, including portraits of confident commanders and shell-shocked soldiers, scenes of Balaklava Harbor and of the allied camps, and views of the terrain of battle.
The bugle was badly damaged on the battlefield at Balaklava in modern-day Ukraine, but experts at Lincoln University took on the painstaking task of restoring it in June this year.
He looks again at the Royal Navy's victory at St Vincent, the battle of Marengo, Waterloo, the invasion of Afghanistan in the 1830s, Balaklava, Dunkirk, Hitler's plans regarding Britain, Montgomery and Alamein, Churchill's plans for an invasion in the 'underbelly' of Europe and the final days of the Nazi regime.