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Inflammation of the glans of the penis or of the clitoris.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



inflammation of the glans penis. It is usually associated with prepuce inflammation, or posthitis (bal-anoposthitis). Balanitis occurs chiefly in children whose glans penis is covered by the prepuce, especially if the latter is tight (phimosis). A distinction is made between primary and secondary balanitis. Primary balanitis can be caused by bacteria, retained urine, smegma, and so on in the preputial sac in congenital phimosis and the like. Secondary balanitis arises when an infection (such as gonorrhea, trichomoniasis, or syphilis) spreads to the glans penis from the urethra. Among the systemic diseases, such diseases as diabetes mel-litus and allergic disorders (eczema, hives) may be conducive to the development of balanitis. Balanitis is manifested by pain, ureteral colic while urinating, reddening or even ulceration of the skin of the glans penis and prepuce, suppurative discharges from under it, edema of the penis, and enlargement of the inguinal lymph nodes.

Treatment includes the use of anti-inflammatory drugs (such as antibiotics, baths with disinfectants), as well as surgery in phimosis and recurrent balanitis combined with diabetes. The condition is prevented by observing the rules of personal hygiene.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Although circinate balanitis by itself usually does not require treatment, it can serve as a salient marker of underlying genitourinary infections, which warrant treatment to prevent relapses (3).
Balanitis. Retrieved from
Other leading causes of MGU included miscellaneous group (13.64%), dermatitis-related ulcer (12.8%), scabies-related ulcer (10.9%), Zoon's balanitis (plasma cell balanitis) [7.3%], candidiasis (6.4%), fixed drug eruption (FDE) [6.4%], malignancy (squamous cell carcinoma) [5.5%] and erosive lichen planus (2.7%).
Severe or persistent balanitis should prompt investigation for uncontrolled diabetes, HIV, and other causes of immunosuppression.
"It transpired that Freddie had Spelt Balanitis, an infection which had led to Sepsis.
(%) Race White 7 (13) 0 (--) Black 44 (85) 15 (100) Asian 0 (--) 0 (--) Other 1 (2) 0 (--) Ethnicity Non-Hispanic 52 (100) 15 (100) Hispanic 0 (--) 0 (--) Sexual orientation Heterosexual 52 (100) 14 (93) Homosexual 0 (--) 0 (--) Bisexual 0 (--) 1 (7) Symptoms Discharge and/or dysuria 51 (98) 14 (93) No discharge or dysuria 1 (2) 0 (--) Balanitis 0 (--) 1 (7) History of self-reported or confirmed episode of previous Neisseria gonorrhoeae infection (lifetime) Yes 27 (52) 5 (33) No 25 (48) 10 (67) No.
Though rare, men may be infected with genital candidiasis and experience balanitis and balanoposthitis.[sup][1]
Lymphocytic and neutrophilic infiltration of the corpus cavernosum suggested chronic balanitis; moderate subcutaneous eosinophilic infiltration was also detected but no evidence of Habronema spp.
It should be kept in mind that hair-thread tourniquet syndrome can be confused with infantile colic which is a more common problem and should be differentiated from infectious diseases related with organs including balanitis and paronychia.
* Balanitis and balanoposthitis are easily treatable with topical creams.
###197 (21%)###Difficulty in urination but no previous urinary tract infection or balanitis attacks