Balantidium


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Balantidium

[‚bal·ən′tid·ē·əm]
(invertebrate zoology)
A genus of protozoans in the order Trichostomatida containing the only ciliated protozoan species parasitic in humans, Balantidium coli.

Balantidium

 

(Balantidium coli), a protozoan from the order of uniformly ciliated infusorians.

Balantidium is a parasite in man and swine. It was first discovered in swine in 1862 by the German protozoologists R. Leuckart and F. Stein. The asymmetrical oval body of the Balantidium (30–150 microns [μm] long and 20–110 μm wide) is covered with short cilia arranged in longitudinal rows. Balantidium reproduces by transverse division. It parasitizes the large intestine, especially the cecum. It feeds on starch and food residues in the feces and elements of the blood. Sometimes Balantidia attack each other. In the intestine, Balantidia are surrounded and covered with a thick membrane, forming cysts that are excreted with the host’s feces. Balantidia may cause the disease called balantidiasis.

References in periodicals archive ?
Entre los helmintos intestinales que afectan a los caninos se encuentran Ancylostoma caninum, Trichuris vulpis, Strongyloides stercolaris, Dipylidium caninum y Toxocara canis, mientras que, entre los protozoos se encuentran Giardia spp, Trichomonas spp, Balantidium coli, Entamoeba spp y coccidias como Isospora spp, Hammondia spp, Sarcocystis spp, Neospora spp, y Toxoplasma spp (SierraCifuentes et al., 2015).
In the 4 wild boar, for example, Balantidium coli, detected by histopathologic examination (data not shown), might have been an additional factor causing the diarrhea (10).
solium Cerdo Clonorquiasis Clonorchis sinensis Pescado del lejano Oriente Difilobotriasis Diphyllobothrium Pescado latum Balantidiasis Balantidium coli Cerdos Paragonimiasis Paragonimus Pescado, cangrejos westermani De los vegetales Fascioliasis Fasciolopsis buski Cerdos y rumiantes De granos y nueces infectados Aflatoxicosis Especies de Cacahuates Aspergillus Ergotismo Especies de sorgo, arroz, Claviceps centeno Adaptado de Gupta (2017).
Comparison of five parasitological techniques for laboratory diagnosis of Balantidium coli cysts.
Among intestinal protozoans, beside Eimeria and Balantidium coli, Cryptosporidium has been identified as an emerging pathogens in both domestic and wild animals and its potential for being zoonotic in nature (Soulsby, 1982).
(micobacteriosis atipicas), Streptococcus (?iniae?), Clostridium botulinum, Vibrio vulnificus o Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae y algun parasito como Cryptosporidium spp., Giardia lamblia, Balantidium spp, tripanosomosis, Toxoplasma gondii no debian ser raras (Boylan, 2011; Gauthier, 2015).
Los patogenos intestinales incluyen virus (Rotavirus, Norovirus, Astrovirus y Adenovirus entericos), bacterias (Shigella, Salmonella, Campylobacter, Vibrio, Escherichia coli diarreogenica, Aeromonas, Yersinia, entre otros) y parasitos (Cryptosporidium, Cystoisospora, Cyclospora, Giardia, Microsporidios, Entamoeba histolytica, Balantidium coli) y la frecuencia relativa de cada patogeno varia dependiendo del grupo de edad, lugar y si el registro de casos es a nivel comunitario u hospitalario (3).
In addition, parasites such as Entamoeba histolytica, Schistosoma sp., Taenia sp., Ascaris lumbricoides (Ascaris), and very rarely, Balantidium coli have also been reported to cause appendicitis [3,4].
Diabetic individuals n (%) Parasites species T1D T2D p * Protozoans Giardia lamblia 12 (10) 13 (36) <0.01 Entamoeba histolytica/dispar 1 (0.8) 1 (3) 0.40 Balantidium coli 0 (0) 1 (3) 0.40 Helminths Ascaris lumbricoides 8 (7) 11 (30) <0.01 Taenia sp.
2 1.7 Balantidium coli 1 1.7 Entamoeba coli 3 5.0 Entamoeba histolytica/dispar 1 1.7 Giardia lamblia 1 1.7 Mites 7 11.7 Table 2.
El resto de bacterias y parasitos (Trichuris suis, Balantidium coli, Giardia intestinalis, Strongyloides spp., Metastrongylus spp., coccidias y "estrongilidos") por su impacto economico, su importancia epidemiologica y por ser potencialmente patogenas para otras especies, incluidos los humanos.
Among various common protozoan Coccidia Giardia Entamoeba Trichomonas and Balantidium coli are important protozoan parasites that cause a wide range of intestinal problems in dogs (Bowman 2003).