Baldassare Peruzzi

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Peruzzi, Baldassare


Baptized Mar. 7, 1481, in Siena; died Jan. 6, 1536, in Rome. Italian architect and painter.

Peruzzi worked with Bramante and Raphael. After Raphael’s death, he supervised the construction of St. Peter’s Church in Rome, adhering basically to Bramante’s centralized plan. Peruzzi combined High Renaissance and early mannerist influences. Whereas his early buildings, such as the Villa Farnesina in Rome (1509-11), are marked by a lyricism and lightness of form, his later Palazzo Massimo alle Colonne in Rome (1536) is distinguished by sharp contrasts between the supporting and supported elements and by a dynamic relationship with the urban surroundings.

Peruzzi’s frescoes, for example, those in the Villa Farnesina (from 1511), are delicately decorative and reflect a love of illu-sionistic effects. His settings for spectacles, including those on fantastic, fairy-tale themes (L. Ariosto’s I Suppositi, 1519), greatly influenced the use of perspective in set design.


Kent, W. W. The Life and Works of Baldassare Peruzzi. New York [1925].
Frommel, C. L. Baldassare Peruzzi als Maler und Zeichner, vols. 1-3. Vienna-Munich, 1967-68.
References in periodicals archive ?
Given the successful annexation of Siena by the Medicean Grand Duchy in 1559, and the fact that Vasari was by that time deeply embedded in its Florentine court, Huppert suggests that Vasari's account may have been shaped by contemporary politics, and she offers a fine analysis of Baldassarre Peruzzi's successful career as a significant and cautionary corrective.
In a chapter on theatrical scenery, Pallen proposes an arc from the early work of Girolamo Genga extending through contributions by Baldassarre Peruzzi, Giulio Pippi, called Giulio Romano, Bastiano da San Gallo, called Aristotile, Battista Franco, Bronzino, and Vasari himself.