Baldomero Espartero

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Espartero, Baldomero


Born Oct. 27, 1793, in Granátula; died Jan. 8, 1879, in Logroño. Spanish military and state figure; general.

Beginning in 1808, Espartero saw military action against the French occupation forces in Spain. From 1815 to 1823 he served in the Spanish army fighting the rebels in Spain’s South American colonies. He commanded government units in the First Carlist War (1833–40).

In the political struggle, Espartero was the leader of the Progressives.

With the support of revolutionary juntas, he became the head of the government in September 1840; in May 1841 he was elected regent by the Cortes. Deposed in July 1843 as a result of an uprising led by General Narváez, he emigrated to Great Britain, where he remained until 1848. Espartero became the head of the Spanish government once again during the Revolution of 1854–56.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
1842 Spanish soldier-politician Baldomero Espartero bombards Barcelona and crushes revolt.
In 1840 she was ousted by General Baldomero Espartero. There were mutinies in the army and an attempt to kidnap the young queen front the royal palace in Madrid, possibly inspired by her mother.
Baldomero Espartero, he led an unsuccessful uprising at Seville, fleeing to Gibraltar and then France following its failure (1838); staged a successful coup d'etat forcing Espartero to flee (July-August 1843); was created Duke of Valencia, and formed a government (early 1844); fell from power and was appointed ambassador to Paris and Vienna but refused to serve and went into exile (1846); returned to Spain (1847) to lead another ministry during which he suppressed a renewed Carlist rising and undertook numerous public improvements (October 1847-January 1851); retired from politics (1851); nevertheless, he returned to power briefly several times (1856-1857, 1864-1865, 1866); died in Madrid (April 23, 1868).