Baldwin, Robert

Baldwin, Robert,

1804–58, Canadian statesman, leader of the movement for representative government in Canada, b. York (now Toronto), Ont. His father, William Warren Baldwin (1775–1844), was a leader of the Reform party and a supporter of the principle of responsible (i.e., cabinet) government in the colonies. In 1836, as a recognized leader of reform in Upper Canada, Robert Baldwin was appointed by Sir Francis Bond Head to the executive council, but he resigned in a few weeks when it became apparent that the governor had no intention of acceding to the demands of the reformers. In England, in 1836, Baldwin sent to the colonial secretary a memorandum that was the first clear enunciation of the tenet of responsible government for Canada. Shortly after his return to Canada in 1837, he served as mediator between Head and the rebels; as a moderate reformer, he had opposed the faction of William Lyon Mackenzie in the rebellion of that year. Again (1841) he hopefully accepted appointment to the executive council under Lord Sydenham, only to resign when the governor showed no disposition to grant responsible government. As a member of the assembly, Baldwin led the opposition group and increased his influence, particularly by effecting an alliance with the French in Lower Canada, whom Sydenham had ignored in forming his council. After the reunion of Upper and Lower Canada in 1841, Baldwin and Louis Hippolyte LaFontaineLaFontaine, Sir Louis Hippolyte
, 1807–64, Canadian political leader, b. Lower Canada (now Quebec). A lawyer, he entered (1830) the Legislative Assembly of Lower Canada and supported Louis Joseph Papineau in his opposition to the British administration but did not approve
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 were allowed to form their first coalition government (1842) under Sir Charles Bagot. With Bagot's death and the arrival (1843) of Sir Charles Metcalfe as governor, the first Baldwin-LaFontaine government resigned, but in the elections of Dec., 1847, the reformers won an overwhelming vote. As a consequence, the second Baldwin-LaFontaine ministry (1847–51) was formed; it is often called "the great ministry." Outstanding among its accomplishments were the Municipal Corporations Act, commonly called the Baldwin Act, for the reformation of local government in Ontario; an act to revise the judicial system; and an act to transform King's College into the nonsectarian Univ. of Toronto (over the violent opposition of Bishop John StrachanStrachan, John
, 1778–1867, Canadian Anglican prelate, b. Scotland. As a member of the executive council of Upper Canada (1815–36) and of the legislative council (1820–41), he was an influential leader on the Conservative side.
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).

Bibliography

See biography by G. E. Wilson (1933); S. Leacock, Mackenzie, Baldwin, LaFontaine, Hincks (rev. ed. 1926); R. W. Langstone, Responsible Government in Canada (1931).

References in periodicals archive ?
To Rome With Love (12A) Four intertwined plots see Woody Allen back on screen as well as directing as he explores the romantic magic of the Eternal City with Penelope Cruz, Alec Baldwin, Robert Benigni, Jesse Eisenberg and Ellen Page.
Not if your name is Barack Obama, Hillary Clinton, Madonna, Michael Moore, John Kerry, Alec Baldwin, Robert Redford, Mia Farrow, Ted Kennedy, Jamie Lee Curtis, Donna Karan, Kenneth Cole and Donatella Versace.
Squad players include Connell Price, Kyle Hamilton, Bradley Prota, Jacob Highton, Reece Quinn, Ryan Baldwin, Robert Ormston, Nathan Willis, Charlie Ayres, Charlie Fulwell and David McAteer.
Others will find plenty to extol: including pieces by John Steinbeck, William Faulkner, James Baldwin, Robert Penn Warren (who quotes one candid Southerner's eulogy for the Solid South: "Hell, all Southerners are Republicans at heart, conservative, and just don't know they're Republican"); by some of our best journalists--Murray Kempton, David Halberstam, Russell Baker, Marshall Frady; by writers not primarily thought of in connection with the movement--E.
members of the group were Charles Baker, David Baldwin, Robert Goldston, Gerald Navratil and John Sheffield.
Other celebs visible at Vanity Fair were Warren Beatty, Kim Basinger and Alec Baldwin, Robert Duvall, Demi Moore, Joaquin Phoenix, Mike Myers and Arnold Schwarzenegger.
Bruce Willis, Kevin Costner, Madonna, Whitney Houston, Melanie Griffiths, Sharon Stone, Alec Baldwin, Robert Redford, Burt Reynolds, Anna Nicole Smith, Arnold Schwarzenegger and Brad Pitt have all been taken down a peg or two.
Four intertwined plots see Woody Allen back on screen as well as directing as he explores the romantic magic of the Eternal City with a cast that includes Penelope Cruz, Alec Baldwin, Robert Benigni, Jesse Eisenberg and Ellen Page.