Baldwin, Robert

Baldwin, Robert,

1804–58, Canadian statesman, leader of the movement for representative government in Canada, b. York (now Toronto), Ont. His father, William Warren Baldwin (1775–1844), was a leader of the Reform party and a supporter of the principle of responsible (i.e., cabinet) government in the colonies. In 1836, as a recognized leader of reform in Upper Canada, Robert Baldwin was appointed by Sir Francis Bond Head to the executive council, but he resigned in a few weeks when it became apparent that the governor had no intention of acceding to the demands of the reformers. In England, in 1836, Baldwin sent to the colonial secretary a memorandum that was the first clear enunciation of the tenet of responsible government for Canada. Shortly after his return to Canada in 1837, he served as mediator between Head and the rebels; as a moderate reformer, he had opposed the faction of William Lyon Mackenzie in the rebellion of that year. Again (1841) he hopefully accepted appointment to the executive council under Lord Sydenham, only to resign when the governor showed no disposition to grant responsible government. As a member of the assembly, Baldwin led the opposition group and increased his influence, particularly by effecting an alliance with the French in Lower Canada, whom Sydenham had ignored in forming his council. After the reunion of Upper and Lower Canada in 1841, Baldwin and Louis Hippolyte LaFontaineLaFontaine, Sir Louis Hippolyte
, 1807–64, Canadian political leader, b. Lower Canada (now Quebec). A lawyer, he entered (1830) the Legislative Assembly of Lower Canada and supported Louis Joseph Papineau in his opposition to the British administration but did not approve
..... Click the link for more information.
 were allowed to form their first coalition government (1842) under Sir Charles Bagot. With Bagot's death and the arrival (1843) of Sir Charles Metcalfe as governor, the first Baldwin-LaFontaine government resigned, but in the elections of Dec., 1847, the reformers won an overwhelming vote. As a consequence, the second Baldwin-LaFontaine ministry (1847–51) was formed; it is often called "the great ministry." Outstanding among its accomplishments were the Municipal Corporations Act, commonly called the Baldwin Act, for the reformation of local government in Ontario; an act to revise the judicial system; and an act to transform King's College into the nonsectarian Univ. of Toronto (over the violent opposition of Bishop John StrachanStrachan, John
, 1778–1867, Canadian Anglican prelate, b. Scotland. As a member of the executive council of Upper Canada (1815–36) and of the legislative council (1820–41), he was an influential leader on the Conservative side.
..... Click the link for more information.
).

Bibliography

See biography by G. E. Wilson (1933); S. Leacock, Mackenzie, Baldwin, LaFontaine, Hincks (rev. ed. 1926); R. W. Langstone, Responsible Government in Canada (1931).

References in periodicals archive ?
The special will feature extensive audio from Howard Stern's personal vault, as well as exclusive commentary from Howard Stern, The Howard Stern Show Staff, friends, family, former colleagues and celebrities who have witnessed Stern's rise to superstardom firsthand including David Letterman, Ben Stiller, Rosie O'Donnell, Dave Grohl, Alec Baldwin, Robert Duvall, Quentin Tarantino, Jeff Probst, Tom Arnold, William Shatner, Kathy Griffin, Howie Mandel, Gene Simmons, Sarah Silverman, Ivan Reitman, Paul Giamatti, Ozzy Osbourne, and more.
To Rome With Love (12A) Four intertwined plots see Woody Allen back on screen as well as directing as he explores the romantic magic of the Eternal City with Penelope Cruz, Alec Baldwin, Robert Benigni, Jesse Eisenberg and Ellen Page.
Not if your name is Barack Obama, Hillary Clinton, Madonna, Michael Moore, John Kerry, Alec Baldwin, Robert Redford, Mia Farrow, Ted Kennedy, Jamie Lee Curtis, Donna Karan, Kenneth Cole and Donatella Versace.
Squad players include Connell Price, Kyle Hamilton, Bradley Prota, Jacob Highton, Reece Quinn, Ryan Baldwin, Robert Ormston, Nathan Willis, Charlie Ayres, Charlie Fulwell and David McAteer.
members of the group were Charles Baker, David Baldwin, Robert Goldston, Gerald Navratil and John Sheffield.
Bruce Willis, Kevin Costner, Madonna, Whitney Houston, Melanie Griffiths, Sharon Stone, Alec Baldwin, Robert Redford, Burt Reynolds, Anna Nicole Smith, Arnold Schwarzenegger and Brad Pitt have all been taken down a peg or two.
Four intertwined plots see Woody Allen back on screen as well as directing as he explores the romantic magic of the Eternal City with a cast that includes Penelope Cruz, Alec Baldwin, Robert Benigni, Jesse Eisenberg and Ellen Page.
Based on the immortal short stories by Ernest Hemingway with incidental music by Aaron Copland, the benefit performance features an all-star cast including Paul Newman, Meryl Streep, Matt Damon, Julia Roberts, Morgan Freeman, Brian Dennehy, Alec Baldwin, Robert De Niro, Joanne Woodward, Gwyneth Paltrow, and James Naughton.
They will also be able to bid on T-shirts designed by such celebrities as Christie Brinkley, Glenn Close, Chevy Chase, Bette Midler, Martha Stewart, Andre Agassi, Billy Baldwin, Robert F.
Lewis, John Watson Director of Photography: Mikael Salomon Production Designer: Albert Brenner Film Editors: Michael Hill, Daniel Hanley Costume Designer: Jodie Tillen Music By: Bruce Hornsby, Hans Zimmer Cast: Kurt Russell, William Baldwin, Robert De Niro, Donald Sutherland, Rebecca De Mornay, Jennifer Jason Leigh TECHNICAL INFORMATION DVD Street Date: September 19, 2006 Pre-Order Close: August 15, 2006 Copyright: 2006 Universal Studios.
There will be a VIP premiere in New York on Wednesday, June 16th at NYU's Skirball Center which will be attended by former President Clinton and Susan McDougal who have not seen each other in over 15 years as well as other politicos, VIPs including Harry and Linda Bloodworth Thomason, Alec Baldwin, Robert Altman, Salman Rushdie, among others to be announced.