Baldwin, Roger

Baldwin, Roger (Nash)

(1884–1981) social activist; born in Wellesley, Mass. He taught sociology and was chief probation officer in St. Louis, Mo., before serving prison time as a conscientious objector during World War I. He was the director (1920–50) and national chairman (1950–55) of the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) that he had helped to found. During this time, the ACLU defended many controversial clients. On retiring, he taught for some years at the University of Puerto Rico.