Balearic Islands

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Related to Balearic Island: Balearen, Illes Balears, Islas Baleares

Balearic Islands

(bălēăr`ĭk), Span. Baleares (bälāä`rās), archipelago, off Spain, in the W Mediterranean, forming Baleares prov. (1990 pop. 767,918) of Spain; also an autonomous region since 1983. Palma is the capital. The chief islands are Majorca, Minorca, and Ibiza. Noted for their scenery and their mild climate, the Balearics are a major tourist destination. After tourism, agriculture and fishing are the chief economic activities; fruit, wine, olive oil, majolica ware, and silver filigree are exported. Both Catalan and Castilian Spanish are spoken. Inhabited since prehistoric times—there are numerous Cyclopean remains—the islands were occupied by Iberians, Phoenicians, Greeks, Carthaginians, Romans, and Byzantines. The Moors, who first came in the 8th cent., established (11th cent.) an independent kingdom, which became the seat of powerful pirates, harassing Mediterranean coastal cities and trade. James I of Aragón conquered (1229–35) the islands. They were included (1276–1343) in the independent kingdom of Majorca and reverted to the Aragonese crown under Peter IV. At the outbreak of the Spanish civil war (1936), Majorca and Ibiza were seized by Insurgent forces—Majorca becoming a base of the Italian fleet—while Minorca remained in the hands of the Loyalists until 1939.
References in periodicals archive ?
MENORCA The quietest of the three main islands, Menorca has more beaches than all of the other Balearic Islands combined and a strong emphasis on family holidays.
The Balearic Islands top a list of destinations rated as good value for a family holiday, with Greece and Portugal placed high too.
The island, which is part of the Balearic Islands archipelago and located off the eastern coast of Spain in the Mediterranean, is going to have a makeover.
The Association of British Travel Agents, ABTA, has asked authorities in the Balearic Islands to reconsider the imposition of a tax on rental cars that is due to be implemented from April this year.
As the largest of the Balearic islands, Majorca has an average temperature of 21C, reaching 33C in summer.
A HOLIDAYMAKER has become the latest Briton to die after a hotel fall on Spain's Balearic Islands.
It sounds a little as though Fuerteventura is to the Canary Islands what Formentera is to the Balearic Islands.
The Royal Clipper's April 23, 2011, 14-night Grand Mediterranean cruise sails from Lisbon, Portugal, to Civitavecchia (Rome), Italy, and calls at 11 ports in Portugal, Morocco, Spain, Corsica, the Balearic Islands and Italy.
THE EUROPEAN Investment Bank (EIB) is planning to lend Spanish airport operator ENTE Publico de Aeropuertos Espanoles y Navegacion Aerea (AENA) up to Euro 400 million to help it improve Balearic islands airports.
Sa Nostra, a savings bank from the Balearic islands, is mulling over two virtual mergers with banks in Spain, the Economy Minister of the Balearic islands' local government, Carles Manera, told daily Diario de Mallorca on Wednesday.
Taylor Woodrow de Espana says its biggest cuts, up to 41%, are on selected properties in mainland Spain and the Balearic islands at exhibitions in the Home Counties and East Anglia on September 13-23.
The government of the Balearic Islands said two low-level explosive devices were placed in the toilets of restaurants yesterday with a third, also a low-powered device, in the underground area of the main square.