Balearic Islands


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

Balearic Islands

(bălēăr`ĭk), Span. Baleares (bälāä`rās), archipelago, off Spain, in the W Mediterranean, forming Baleares prov. (1990 pop. 767,918) of Spain; also an autonomous region since 1983. Palma is the capital. The chief islands are Majorca, Minorca, and Ibiza. Noted for their scenery and their mild climate, the Balearics are a major tourist destination. After tourism, agriculture and fishing are the chief economic activities; fruit, wine, olive oil, majolica ware, and silver filigree are exported. Both Catalan and Castilian Spanish are spoken. Inhabited since prehistoric times—there are numerous Cyclopean remains—the islands were occupied by Iberians, Phoenicians, Greeks, Carthaginians, Romans, and Byzantines. The Moors, who first came in the 8th cent., established (11th cent.) an independent kingdom, which became the seat of powerful pirates, harassing Mediterranean coastal cities and trade. James I of Aragón conquered (1229–35) the islands. They were included (1276–1343) in the independent kingdom of Majorca and reverted to the Aragonese crown under Peter IV. At the outbreak of the Spanish civil war (1936), Majorca and Ibiza were seized by Insurgent forces—Majorca becoming a base of the Italian fleet—while Minorca remained in the hands of the Loyalists until 1939.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Spanish government delegation on the Balearic Islands say they believe the terrorists' objective was not to cause direct damage to people through their actions.
The Spanish government delegation on the Balearic Islands said that "due to the low power of the devices we can deduce that the terrorists' objective was not to cause direct damage to people through their actions", according to a spokeswoman in London.
the northernmost of the Balearic Islands in Mediterranean Sea, has met with in American gourmet stores over the past 10 years is set to be repealed.
In a meeting in Brussels with Jacques Barroso on April 26, Pasqual Maragall, president of Catalonia, Marcelino Iglesias, president of Aragon, Jaume Matas, president of the Balearic Islands, Martin Malvy, president of the Midi-Pyrenees Region and George Freche, president of the Languedoc-Roussillon region, formally presented the Pyrenees-Mediterranean Euroregion to the President of the European Commission.
This demand contributed to a 21% rise in house prices on the Costas and Balearic Islands during the year.
The European Cup holders, 4-6 generally to beat Juventus in tomorrow's Champions League semi-final first leg, were booed off at the Bernabeu after a humiliating 5-1 thumping by the team from the Balearic Islands.
MAJORCA: The largest and most popular of the Balearic Islands enjoys around 3,000 hours of sunshine each year.
Germany's biggest tourist organisation announced in Berlin on April 3 that it would be lodging a formal complaint with the European Commission against the environmental protection tax that the Balearic Islands plan to start levying from May 1.
women's basketball team was upset by host Spain 57-48 in the gold-medal game at the University Games in Palma De Mallorca, Balearic Islands.
The Balearic Islands, Greek Islands and Canary Islands are the biggest selling holiday destinations of 1998.
Cyprus, Turkey and the Balearic islands are also missing.
Last year, 12 dead sperm whales washed up on the shores of the Balearic Islands, Spain's tourist playground.