Balearic Islands


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Balearic Islands

(bălēăr`ĭk), Span. Baleares (bälāä`rās), archipelago, off Spain, in the W Mediterranean, an autonomous community coextensive with Baleares prov. (2011 pop. 1,100,503), 1,927 sq mi (4,992 sq km), Spain. Palma is the capital. The chief islands are Majorca, Minorca, and Ibiza. Noted for their scenery and their mild climate, the Balearics are a major tourist destination. After tourism, agriculture and fishing are the chief economic activities; fruit, wine, olive oil, majolica ware, and silver filigree are exported. Both Catalan and Castilian Spanish are spoken. Inhabited since prehistoric times—there are numerous Cyclopean remains—the islands were occupied by Iberians, Phoenicians, Greeks, Carthaginians, Romans, and Byzantines. The Moors, who first came in the 8th cent., established (11th cent.) an independent kingdom, which became the seat of powerful pirates, harassing Mediterranean coastal cities and trade. James I of Aragón conquered (1229–35) the islands. They were included (1276–1343) in the independent kingdom of Majorca and reverted to the Aragonese crown under Peter IV. At the outbreak of the Spanish civil war (1936), Majorca and Ibiza were seized by Insurgent forces—Majorca becoming a base of the Italian fleet—while Minorca remained in the hands of the Loyalists until 1939.
References in periodicals archive ?
the northernmost of the Balearic Islands in Mediterranean Sea, has met with in American gourmet stores over the past 10 years is set to be repealed.
So McCalman searched out the origin of the fine cheeses that were made available at the center due to the efforts of the CDEIB, the trade promotion office of the Government of the Balearic Islands of Spain.
among the five regions by means of their respective strengths; informatics in the Balearic Islands, aeronautics in the Midi-Pyrenees region, logistics in Aragon and transport in the Langedoc-Roussillon region.