Balearic Islands

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Related to Balearics: Balearen, Islas Baleares, Illes Balears

Balearic Islands

(bălēăr`ĭk), Span. Baleares (bälāä`rās), archipelago, off Spain, in the W Mediterranean, an autonomous community coextensive with Baleares prov. (2011 pop. 1,100,503), 1,927 sq mi (4,992 sq km), Spain. Palma is the capital. The chief islands are Majorca, Minorca, and Ibiza. Noted for their scenery and their mild climate, the Balearics are a major tourist destination. After tourism, agriculture and fishing are the chief economic activities; fruit, wine, olive oil, majolica ware, and silver filigree are exported. Both Catalan and Castilian Spanish are spoken. Inhabited since prehistoric times—there are numerous Cyclopean remains—the islands were occupied by Iberians, Phoenicians, Greeks, Carthaginians, Romans, and Byzantines. The Moors, who first came in the 8th cent., established (11th cent.) an independent kingdom, which became the seat of powerful pirates, harassing Mediterranean coastal cities and trade. James I of Aragón conquered (1229–35) the islands. They were included (1276–1343) in the independent kingdom of Majorca and reverted to the Aragonese crown under Peter IV. At the outbreak of the Spanish civil war (1936), Majorca and Ibiza were seized by Insurgent forces—Majorca becoming a base of the Italian fleet—while Minorca remained in the hands of the Loyalists until 1939.
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References in periodicals archive ?
The smallest island of the Balearics has retained much of its boho-chic style that evolved during the 1960s when it was the go-to retreat for artists and musicians like Joni Mitchell.
But it's much lower than in the Balearics at 40p per night and capped at five euros.
Princess Motor Yacht Sales operates in the UK, the Channel Islands, Spain (Malaga and Balearic Islands), Portugal, Turkey, Germany and Switzerland.
The Association of British Travel Agents, ABTA, has asked authorities in the Balearic Islands to reconsider the imposition of a tax on rental cars that is due to be implemented from April this year.
MAJORCA, Menorca and Ibiza are famous for mass-market packages but here are seven different Balearic holidays.
Boasting more than 300 days of sunshine and miles of coastline and secluded coves, millions of visitors are lured to the Balearic Islands year after year.
Cream Collect: Balearics is out on Monday, and features the best of the sounds that have come from the scene.
The second largest of the Balearic Islands, it boasts more beaches that the rest of the Balearics put together.
Balearic Islands health chief Raul Izquierdo warned that the drugs are especially dangerous because of their unknown side–effects.
Last year, nearly 3.4million Brits visited the Balearics - and that level has remained stable over the last decade.