Balistidae


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Related to Balistidae: triggerfish

Balistidae

 

(triggerfishes), a family of fishes of the order Tet-raodontiformes. The tall, laterally compressed body reaches a length of about 60 cm and is covered with large, bony, imbricate scales. The first spine of the anterior dorsal fin is thick and is locked in place vertically by the second spine. The two spines of the ventral fins fuse to form a single spine.

Triggerfishes obtain food by breaking off pieces of coral and crushing the shells of mollusks, sea urchins, and crabs with their powerful teeth, which resemble cutting pliers. There also are a number of herbivorous species. The 11 genera of triggerfishes embrace about 30 species, which are widely distributed in tropical and subtropical seas. The fishes lead a solitary mode of existence and are very slow-moving. The gray triggerfish (Balistes capriscus) is found in the Mediterranean, the eastern Atlantic, the coastal waters of the western Atlantic, and the Black Sea. The flesh is poisonous.

REFERENCES

Svetovidov, A. N. Ryby Chernogo moría. Moscow-Leningrad, 1964.
Nikol’skii, G. V. Chastnaia ikhtiologiia, 3rd ed. Moscow, 1971.
References in periodicals archive ?
14 Balistidae Balistes capriscus -- -- -- Monacanthidae Aluterus moreoceros -- -- -- Stephanolepis hispides -- -- -- Monacanthus spp.
Tangs V Acanthurus bahianus Ocean surgeon V T Acanthurus coeruleus Blue tang V Scombridae Thunnus atlanticus Blackfin tuna Tr Balistidae Balistidae Triggerfish V Balistes vetula Queen triggerfish V P, T Canthidermis sufflamen Ocean triggerfish V P, Sn Melichthys niger Black durgon V P, Sn Xanthichthys ringens Sargassum triggerfish V Cantherhines macrocerus Whitespotted filefish V Ostraciidae Lactophrys sp.
TABLE 1 Fish species/species groups recorded during surveys of the Punta Leona Marine Reserve during 1995 and 2006 ID (1) Family Species/ Tg (2) Mob (3) species group 1 Acanthuridae Prionurus h m laticlavius 2 Apogonidae Apogon dovii pl s 3 Balistidae Balistes o m polylepis 4 Pseudobalistes o m naufragium 5 Sufflamen verres i m 6 Belonidae Tylosurus p m crocodilus 7 Blennidae Ophoblennius h s steindachneri 8 Carangidae Caranx p m sexfasciatus or caballus 9 Gnathanodon p m specious 10 Trachinotus p m rhodopus 11 Chaetodontidae Chaetodon i s humeralis 12 Johnrandalia o s nigrirostris 13 Cirrhitidae Cirrhitus c s rivulatus 14 Dasyatidae Dasyatis longa i m 15 Diodontidae Diodon sp.
1 (31) Pomacentridae Abudefduf saxatilis 45 (16-29) 2 (18-19) 4 (16-20) Sphyraenidae Sphyraena barracuda Sphyraena borealis * 1 (31) Gempylidae Gempylus serpens Scombridae Auxis thazard * 2 (62-86) Katsuwonus pelamis Scomber colias Scomber scombrus Istiophoridae Istiophorus platypterus * 4 (22-41) 4 (32-118) Makaira nigricans Nomeidae Psenes cyanophrys 5 (35-52) Balistidae Balistes capriscus 345 (10-74) 19 (12-113) 37 (11-63) Canthidermis maculata 17 (11-24) 2 (14-22) Canthidermis sufflamen 26 (11-18) 1 (45) Xanthichthys ringens 1 (21) 1 (65) Unidentified 2 (N/A) Monacanthidae Aluterus heudelotii 69 (25-70) 1 (50) 4 (31-44) Aluterus monoceros 34 (33-151) 6 (53-95) Aluterus schoepfii 21 (18-69) Aluterus scriptus 42 (20-113) 5 (36-122) Aluterus sp.
Unidentified lefteye flounder Balistidae, Leatherjackets 152 Aluterus scriptus Scrawled filefish 153 Balistes capriscus Gray triggerfish 154 Balistes vetula Queen triggerfish 155 Cantherhines pullus Orangespotted filefish 156 Canthidermis sufflamen Ocean triggerfish 157 N.
lenguada Cyclopsetta querna (Jordan & lenguada Bollman, 1890) Syacium latifrons (Jordan & lenguada Gilbert, 1882) Bothidae Bothus leopardinus (Gunther, 1862) lenguada Achiridae Achirus scutum (Gunther, 1862) lenguada Trinectes fonsecensis (Gunther, 1862) lenguada TETRAODONTIFORMES Balistidae Balistes poliylepis Steindachner, sosuma, pejecuero 1876 Pseudobalistes naufragium (Jordan porro porro, & Starks, 1895) Sufflamen verres (Gilbert & Starks, 1904) Tetraodontidae Arothron hispidus (Linnaeus, 1758) tamborero Arothron meleagris (Bloch & tamborero Schneider, 1801) Canthigaster punctatissima tamborero (Gunther, 1870) Sphoeroides sp.
X Paralichthys X albiguta/lethostigma Citharichthys arctifrons X Citharichthys cornutus X Citharichthys gymnorhinus X Citharichthys spilopterus Cspi X Etropus crossotus Ecro X Hippoglossina oblongatta X Paralichthys lethostigma X Soleidae Trinectes maculatus X Balistidae Monocanthus hispidus X Included in 10% Family Species data set Season Muraenidae Gymnothorax sp.
2) Mugilidae J 5 Lutjanus argentiventris (2) Lutjanidae J 6 Epinephelus panamensis (2) Serranidae J 7 Hoplopagrus guntheri (2) Lutjanidae J 8 Canthidermis maculatus (1) Balistidae J 9 Gnathanodon speciosus (2) Carangidae J 10 Alectis ciliaris (1) Carangidae J 11 Caranx caninus (1) Carangidae J 12 Caranx caballus (1) Carangidae J 13 Caranx Vinctus (1) Carangidae J 14 Seriola peruana (1) Carangidae J 15 Tylosaurus acus pacificus (1) Belonidae A 16 T.
Los consumidores directos o peces coralivoros estan representados por algunas pocas familias como Chaetodontidae (mariposas), Balistidae (ballestas) y Tetraodontidae (globos) (Glynn et al.
Bleeker, 1862 Paralichthys tropicus Ginsburg, 1933 Etropus crossotus Jordan & Gilbert 1882 Familia Balistidae Balistes vetula Linnaeus, 1758 Familia Diodontidae Diodon holocanthus Linnaeus, 1758 Familia Monacanthidae Monacanthus setifer Bennet, 1830 Familia Tetraodontidae Sphoeroides greeleyi Gilbert, 1990