The tune was requisitioned for a number of ballad operas
and other songs during the decades following its publication.
In some ballad operas
this might not be especially problematic given Edmund Gagey's assertion that the genre employs music simply as "decor", sprinkling tunes, "like so many raisins, into the text" (1965: 100).
(FHW 1:1) Thanks in large part to such extraordinary talents, ballad operas
had a ten-year vogue, spawning 160 works and three thousand new tunes before fading in 1737.
Instead of the satirical ballad opera
being set in the grimy underbelly of early 18th century London, the action in the re-named Convict's Opera has been transposed to the belly of a ship transporting its hapless human cargo to Australia.
He lost the mechanicals, cut Act Five and added quite as many songs as are contained in any ballad opera
. Garrick's prologue to his own rewrite contains this couplet: I dare not say WHO wrote it--I could tell ye To soften matter--Signor Shakespearelli.
By the 19th century, there were two clear types of musical theatre recognized in Great Britain: the ballad operas
such as John Gay's, TheBeggars Opera (1728) and the comic operas like Michael Balfe's The Bohemian Girl (1825).
These included processions, burlettas (comic operas popular in England in the second half of the 18th century) or burlesques, and ballad operas
, which gained popularity after the success of John Gay's Beggar's Opera in 1728.
Evidence is adduced that the 'Black Joke' became extremely popular from the early eighteenth century, entering many areas of cultural life, including the theatre, as both a lewd song and a dance, and ballad operas
and songbooks of the day.
John Gays Beggar's Opera, produced in New York in 1750, fed a vogue for 'ballad operas
' that strung together a sequence of popular airs linked by rudimentary dialogue and a simple, feel-good plot.
He studied music and began to work for the theater, often providing both words and music for a number of farces, burlesques, ballad operas
, and interludes; of his theater work, the best is perhaps The Honest Yorkshire-Man (1735).
And where was the discussion of Tom D'Urfey and his contemporaries, the analysis of the role of the eighteenth-century pleasure gardens, or the examination of the relationship of ballad operas
to folk songs and 'national' songs?
Author who achieved success by his "vaudevilles," or ballad operas
, and by his recitations.