Konstantin Balmont

(redirected from Balmont)

Bal’mont, Konstantin Dmitrievich


Born June 4 (16), 1867, in the village of Gumnishchi, Vladimir Province; died Dec. 23, 1942, in Noisy-le-Grand near Paris. Russian poet.

Bal’mont was born into a gentry family. In 1887 he was expelled from Moscow University for participating in a student movement. His first works— Collection of Verses (Yaroslavl, 1890) and Under Northern Skies (1894)—contained motifs of patriotic grief. Bal’mont became one of the early representatives of Russian symbolism. Examples are the collections In Boundlessness (1895), Silence (1898), Buildings on Fire (1900) and Let Us Be as the Sun (1903). Bal’mont welcomed the Revolution of 1905, as seen in the cycle of poems Songs of an Avenger (Paris, 1907). Succeeding collections of his poetry include Fairy Tales (1905), Liturgy of Beauty (1911), and Sonnets of the Sun, Sky, and Moon (1917). He collected and published examples of the folk culture of various countries including Egypt, Mexico, Peru, and India in the book Calls of Antiquity: Hymns, Songs, and Thoughts of the Ancients (1908), among others. Bal’mont’s poetry is characterized by features of the decadence movement, motifs of a frenzied, ecstatic perception of nature, and the self-assertion of a strong personality. His verse is distinguished by its fluidity, musicality, and rich alliteration although, at times, it does not lack a certain exoticism and pretentiousness. Bal’mont translated many Western European writers, including P. B. Shelley (complete works). P. Calderón, W. Whitman, E. Poe, P. Ver-laine, and C. Baudelaire. He was the first to translate into Russian Sh. Rustaveli’s narrative poem Knight in Tiger’s Skin, Kalidasa’s dramas, and other works. Not accepting the revolution, Bal’mont emigrated from Russia in 1920. Abroad he published the collections of verses Gift to the Earth (1921), Haze (1922), Mine—To Her: Poems About Russia (1923), In the Parted Distance (1930), The Northern Lights (1923), and The Blue Horseshoe (1937) and two books of autobiographical prose— Under the New Sickle (1923) and Air Path (1923). He translated Czech, Bulgarian, Lithuanian, and Polish poets. In 1930 he published a translation of The Tale of Igor’s Campaign.


Polnoe sobranie stikhotvorenii, vols. 1–10. Moscow, 1908–13.
Sobranie liriki, books 1–6. Moscow, 1917.
Stikhotvoreniia.[Compiled, edited, and introduction written by V. Orlov.] Leningrad, 1969.


Mikhailovskii, B. V. Russkaia literatura XX v. Moscow, 1938.
Istoriia russkoi literatury kontsa XIX-nach. XX vv: Bibliograzficheskii ukazatel’. Moscow-Leningrad, 1963.
References in periodicals archive ?
Paris: Veteran Florent Balmont gifted Dijon a 2-1 home win against Rennes with one goal and one assist before the weekend's 23rd round action in Ligue 1.
Nozomul Ali, 33, from Cardiff, was sentenced at Cardiff Crown Court yesterday along with his sister, Fathia Begum, 26, brother, Shanoor Ali, 24, and friend, Michael Balmont, 28.
SWIM DEEP - MOTHERS Birmingham's Swim Deep are now a five-piece with the addition of keyboardist/percussionist James Balmont.
Two years on, and with the quartet boosted to a five-piece with the addition of keyboardist/percussionist James Balmont, the band face the same problem confronted by their forefathers: Where do we go from here?
42 when leading inside the final furlong of the 6f handicap at Dundalk, but Eddie Lynam's Balmont Mast - who hadn't won at the track for three years - came with a late run to score under 7lb claimer Oisin Orr, having hit a high of 7.
SPRINT KING Eddie Lynam, whose stable star Sole Power will be bidding to win Tuesday's King's Stand Stakes at Royal Ascot for the third year in a row, saddled an opening race double at Navan yesterday through Miss Elizabeth and Balmont Mast.
CLASSY sprinter Balmont Mast should prove tough to beat in the listed Waterford Testimonial Stakes at the Curragh tomorrow.
All the key action took place in the space of two minutes around the interval as Lille's Florent Balmont saw red in first-half stoppage time, before Jordan Ayew netted the only goal just after the restart.
With apprentice Emmet McNamara reducing the four-year-old's burden by 3lb to 10st, The Reaper (5-1 co-favourite) stayed on well to beat Balmont Mast by half a length.
Lille: Landreau Mickael , Balmont, Ludovic, Emerson, Frau (69th Min Gervinho), Beria Franck, Aurelien, Adil, Mavuba, Eden Hazard (Min.
Trouble broke out after 73 minutes when referee Patrick Lhermite sent off Nice midfielder Florent Balmont for handball and awarded 10-man Sochaux a penalty.
Jeremy Noseda has his team in tip top order and the Newmarket trainer could well land a double with Balmont and Vague.