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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



external treatment of the human body with mineral waters. Some authors sometimes erroneously include in balneotherapy mud therapy, sea baths, and bathing in estuaries and in the natural brine of salt lakes (brine baths). Mineral waters affect the body by means of temperature, chemical composition, and hydrostatic pressure. In addition, nerve receptors are subject to stimulation by gases (CO2, H2S, and NO2) and radioactive substances (radon) that reach the blood through the skin, mucous membranes, and respiratory passages. Mineral waters are used in baths to treat diseases of the cardiovascular system and other internal organs, of the nervous system, of the organs of motion and support, and of the skin. Contraindications for balneotherapy are blood circulation disturbances more serious than those of the first or second stage, the acute stages of infectious diseases, malignant tumors, the active stage of tuberculosis, cirrhoses of the liver, chronic kidney disease, the acute stages of blood diseases, and severe general cachexia.


Osnovy kurortologii, vol. 2. Edited by V. A. Aleksandrov. Moscow, 1959. Pages 60–113.
Osnovy kurortologii, vol. 3. Moscow, 1958. Pages 11–202.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The recommended non-pharmacological treatment approaches include spa therapies such as balneotherapy and/or mud therapy, exercise, physical therapy, massage, acupuncture, homeopathy, diet, and behavioral therapies.
The efficacy of balneotherapy and mud-pack therapy in patients with knee osteoarthritis.
Health practitioners suggest adapting balneotherapy's benefits to home use by running a hot bath and adding bath salts, essential oils, or even--in the tradition of Sebastian Kniepp, a nineteenth-century German priest considered the father of naturopathy--fresh herbs such as rosemary.
Effectiveness of balneotherapy in chronic low back pain-a randomized single-blind controlled follow-up study.
Hydrotherapy, balneotherapy, and spa treatment pain management.
[9.] Yurkuran M, Celiktas M A randomized, controlled trial of balneotherapy in the treatment of patients with primary fibromyalgia syndrome.
According to the data available so far, balneotherapy using thermal-mineral waters and peloids has proved to be an effective remedy for lower back pain and knee and hand osteoarthritis [23-26].
Some patients may benefit from conservative treatments such as rest, exercise, physical therapy (PT), and balneotherapy (BT).
Objective: In this study, we aimed to evaluate the treatment satisfaction in patients who received both balneotherapy and physical therapy modalities compared to that in patients who received standard physical therapy alone.
In the past years 30 articles were published in the PUBMED, Scopus or Web of Science about the role of balneotherapy in Hungary.
Balneotherapy refers simply to soaking in warm natural spring water (at least 68 [degrees]F/20 [degrees]C and usually about 93 [degrees] F/34 [degrees] C) that contains at least 1 gram of mineral per liter, according to a literature review by M.