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external treatment of the human body with mineral waters. Some authors sometimes erroneously include in balneotherapy mud therapy, sea baths, and bathing in estuaries and in the natural brine of salt lakes (brine baths). Mineral waters affect the body by means of temperature, chemical composition, and hydrostatic pressure. In addition, nerve receptors are subject to stimulation by gases (CO2, H2S, and NO2) and radioactive substances (radon) that reach the blood through the skin, mucous membranes, and respiratory passages. Mineral waters are used in baths to treat diseases of the cardiovascular system and other internal organs, of the nervous system, of the organs of motion and support, and of the skin. Contraindications for balneotherapy are blood circulation disturbances more serious than those of the first or second stage, the acute stages of infectious diseases, malignant tumors, the active stage of tuberculosis, cirrhoses of the liver, chronic kidney disease, the acute stages of blood diseases, and severe general cachexia.


Osnovy kurortologii, vol. 2. Edited by V. A. Aleksandrov. Moscow, 1959. Pages 60–113.
Osnovy kurortologii, vol. 3. Moscow, 1958. Pages 11–202.


References in periodicals archive ?
When the patient was questioned, he stated that his symptoms had begun after long-duration travel and hyperthermal balneotherapy, and his previous medical history revealed typical FMF attacks, which can cause recurrent high fever and abdominal pain with spontaneous remission.
Results: Significant decreases were detected in pain intensities in both treatment groups, balneotherapy was found to be superior in terms of pain intensity, reduction in analgesic use and increase in the general satisfaction.
In another Turkish study, researchers compared balneotherapy with hydrotherapy and to a control.
Although there are many legends surrounding the springs, the oldest testimony that thermal water was used for balneotherapy are the two basins in Banjiste built in 1797 by Hadzi Mudzedin, the son of Numan Efendi, members of the old Oruci Zade family from Debar whose genealogy can be traced back to 1010.
Bender T, Karagulle Z, Balint GP, Gutenbrunner C, Balint PV, Sukenik S (2005) Hydrotherapy, balneotherapy, and spa treatment in pain management.
It was proven in a single-blind, follow-up RCT that balneotherapy combined with magnetotherapy was superior to magnetotherapy alone in improving pain and function as well as the quality of life in patients with hand OA.
Spa towns or spa resorts (including hot springs resorts) typically offer various health treatments, which are also known as balneotherapy.
23] Complementary and alternative medicine refers to the phytotherapies (Chinese herbal medicines, Japanese herbal medicines (Kampo), siddha/ayurveda, tea tree oil and essential fatty acids), homoeopathy, complementary psychotherapy (hypnosis, biofeedback, stress management), acupuncture, bioresonance treatment, balneotherapy, cleansing of the colon with enemas, massage therapy, autologous blood therapy, Reiki and topical streptococcal application.