Balsaminaceae


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

Balsaminaceae

[‚bȯl·sə·mə′nās·ē‚ē]
(botany)
A family of flowering plants in the order Geraniales, including touch-me-not (Impatiens); flowers are irregular with five stamens and five carpels, leaves are simple with pinnate venation, and the fruit is an elastically dehiscent capsule.

Balsaminaceae

 

a family of herbaceous dicotyledonous choripetalous plants which have more or less transparent, succulent stems and simple leaves without stipules. The flowers are bisexual and irregular, with a double perianth. There are five, usually colored, unequal sepals; the first, or lowest (rear), extends in a tubelike spur. The fruit is usually a juicy pod from which the seeds are dispersed when it is opened. There are four genera (approximately 450 species), mainly in tropical Asia and Africa, with some in Europe and North America. The basic genus, Impatiens, comprises more than 400 species, of which there are eight in the USSR; of these, I. noli-tangere (touch-me-not) is widely distributed. Several species of Balsaminaceae are cultivated; I. balsamina, originating in South Asia, is the ancestor of many varieties of garden Balsaminaceae.

REFERENCES

Kiselev, G. E. Tsvetovodstvo, 3rd ed. Moscow, 1964.
Takhtadzhian, A. L. Sistema i filogeniia tsvetkovykh rastenii. Moscow-Leningrad, 1966.

M. E. KIRPICHNIKOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Balsaminaceae Asia annual Lappula squarrosa (Retz.) Boraginaceae Europe biennial Dumort.
Distance between mates affects seedling characters in a population of Impatiens capensis (Balsaminaceae).
(Balsaminaceae) is one of the two species in the genus Impatiens found in Eastern North America.
Flowers evaluated were: French marigold, Tagetes patula (Asteraceae); windflower, Gaillardia aristata (Asteraceae), impatiens, Impatiens walleriana (Balsaminaceae); wax begonia, Begonia semperflorens (Begoniaceae); and scarlet salvia, Salvia splendens (Lamiaceae).
Mill.) Chouard) (bluebells, Spanish bluebells, Spanish squill) Hydnora johannis Hydnoraceae Whole plant Beccari Hyparrhenia rufa Poaceae (grass Whole plant (jaragua grass) family) Hyptis verticillata Lamiaceae previously known as Labiatae (dead-nettle or mint family) Impatiens Balsaminaceae Leaf stuhlmannii Warb.
Population differentiation for abscisic acid responsiveness in Impatiens capensis (Balsaminaceae).
Other examples of taxa that have a parietal tapetum but lack orbicules are found in Brassicaceae and Balsaminaceae. These two families, together with Orchidaceae, are therefore very suitable for future studies on the correlation between orbicules and pollination syndrome.
Araliaceae, Balsaminaceae, Boraginaceae, Buxaceae, Cuscutaceae, Datiscaceae, Elaeagnaceae, Gentianaceae, Loranthaceae, Malvaceae, Moraceae, Oleaceae, Phytolaccaceae, Rubiaceae, Salicaceae, Saxifragaceae, Smilacaceae, Solanaceae, Ulmaceae, Urticaceae, Valerianaceae, and Violaceae are represented by one species.
We tested the effects of these treatment combinations on the target plant Impatiens capensis Meerb., jewelweed (Balsaminaceae).
16 Asteraece Verbesina arborea Kunth Arbol 17 Balsaminaceae Impatiens balsamina L.