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natural substances composed of essential oils and dissolved resins, aromatic compounds, and other components. Balsams are ordinarily syrupy liquids with an aroma, almost insoluble in water but soluble in some organic solvents (for example, alcohol, ether, chloroform, and benzine). Many balsams are formed in plants as products of normal metabolism—they are found chiefly in peculiar intercellular receptacles or in bark; others are the products of pathological plant activity that appear when the bark is injured but are not present in the plant itself.

Several kinds of oleoresins are also called balsams. They include Canada balsam, which is used in optics and for mounting microscopic preparations, and fir balsam, which is used in optics. Depending on their composition, balsams possess antiseptic, locally irritating, expectorant, and diuretic qualities. The most important balsams in medicine include turpentine, copaiba, balsam of Tolu, and balsam of Peru. Turpentine is extracted from pine bark. Turpentine oil (spirits of turpentine) is obtained by distillation from turpentine or pine resin and is used in ointments and liniments as a local irritant. Its fumes, which ozonize the air, are inhaled or sprayed in a room for the treatment of such diseases as putrid bronchitis and gangrene of the lungs.

Copaiba is extracted from the trees of the genus Copaifera, which grow in South America (Venezuela, the Guianas, and Brazil). It is used as a disinfectant for inflammations of the urinary bladder and in the treatment of eczema and gonorrhea. Balsam of Tolu is extracted from the trees Toluifera balsamum and Myroxylon toluiferum, which grow in South America. It is used in pharmaceutical practice to provide an aromatic coating for pills. Balsam of Peru (Shostakovskii balsam) is a synthetic preparation—polyvinyl butyl ester—used as a coating, anti-inflammatory agent, externally in the treatment of wounds and dermatitides, and internally in the treatment of gastric and duodenal ulcers and other ailments.

References in periodicals archive ?
No purchase price or other details about the McIver group's deal were disclosed, although McIver did say the group would not be looking for another management company to run the Balsams.
With the registration, The Balsams also has achieved Environmental Champion status in the New Hampshire Sustainable Lodging and Restaurant Program.
But if The Balsams ever reopens at the same place and even with the same name-it won't be your mom and dad's Balsams.
The Balsams was one of the largest employers in the North Country, a region that has lost many manufacturing jobs in recent years.
The festivities continue for guests who stay to ring in the New Year at The BALSAMS.
Patch testing elicited positive reactions to balsam of Peru (a fragrance as well as a flavoring agent put in cola drinks that cross-reacts with orange juice) and cinnamic aldehyde.
The panel voted to send to study a bill that would provide a state-backed $28 million bond to help redevelop The Balsams.
Located in the far reaches of New Hampshire's White Mountains, The Balsams is a vast, red-roofed castle nestled against balsam, rock and ice.
Idyllically set on 15,000 acres in New Hampshire's majestic White Mountains, The BALSAMS is legendary for its breathtaking natural beauty, endless recreational activities, and award-winning cuisine.
Resorts within Ski NH include Attitash, The Balsams Wilderness, Bretton Woods Mountain Resort, Cannon, Cranmore Resort, Dartmouth Skiway, Granite Gorge Ski Area, Loon Mountain, Mount Sunapee, Pats Peak, Tenney Mountain, Waterville Valley, Jackson XC, Great Glenn Trails and Mountain View Grand Resort & Spa.
Balsams View LLC, the company that owns and is renovating the landmark Balsams Grand Resort in Dixville Notch, has received a $455,000 federal grant to help it install a $1.
16 /PRNewswire/ -- The BALSAMS Grand Resort Hotel is offering an irresistible rate from January through March of 2008.