Baltic states

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Baltic states,

the countries of EstoniaEstonia
, Estonian Eesti, officially Republic of Estonia, republic (2015 est. pop. 1,315,000), 17,505 sq mi (45,339 sq km). It borders on the Baltic Sea in the west; the gulfs of Riga and Finland (both arms of the Baltic) in the southwest and north, respectively; Latvia
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, LatviaLatvia
, Latvian Latvija, officially Republic of Latvia, republic (2015 est. pop. 1,993,000), 24,590 sq mi (63,688 sq km), north central Europe. It borders on Estonia in the north, Lithuania in the south, the Baltic Sea with the Gulf of Riga in the west, Russia in the
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, and LithuaniaLithuania
, Lithuanian Lietuva, officially Republic of Lithuania, republic (2015 est. pop. 2,932,000), 25,174 sq mi (65,201 sq km), N central Europe. Lithuania borders on the Baltic Sea in the west, Latvia in the north, Belarus in the east and southeast, Poland in the
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, bordering on the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea. Formed in 1918, they remained independent republics until their involuntary incorporation in 1940 into the USSR. They regained their independence in Sept., 1991, and virtually all Russian troops were withdrawn by Aug., 1994. Finland is usually classed with the Scandinavian rather than with the Baltic states. See also Baltic provincesBaltic provinces,
historic regions of Courland, Livonia, Estonia, and Ingermanland bordering on the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea. They were conquered by Russia from Sweden in the 18th cent. and made into provinces.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Some Estonian Russians, as well as Russians from other Baltic republics, thought to leave the Baltic state.
The Baltic republics, for example, have rather tense relations with their Russian neighbor.
Unlike in 1991, when all three Baltic Republics gained independence pretty much instantaneously after the collapse of the anti-Gorbachev coup in Moscow, in 1918 they each took their own pace.
In addition, the latest members in the NATO from East Europe and the Baltic Republics are practicing pressure on Washington to counter what they call the "Russian danger," citing the conflict in Ukraine as s striking example, and Moscow annexing Ukrainian territory of Crimea.
And - this has been said to me by Russian academics - to reclaim the Baltic republics.
Since the end of World War II, the Soviet Union had wanted the world to recognize the Baltic Republics, which it had obtained from Hitler, as its own; the Helsinki Accords made this a reality.
The Geology of the Baltic Republics. Vilnius University and Geological Survey of Lithuania, Vilnius, 387 pp.
But the red lines that had been drawn up between Gorbachov and Reagan at the Icelandic summit were trampled for good when the Baltic republics joined the EU in 2004 and NATO in 2005.
(1) It was in those decades that the population of the pacified Baltic republics began to adapt to the conditions of the new regime, and it is perhaps for this very reason that Baltic scholars so far have focused almost exclusively on topics like anti-Soviet resistance and the reestablishment of independence.
Russia has long seen the Baltic as part of its sphere of influence, and still smarts at the former Soviet Baltic republics of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania entering Nato and the EU.
Josef Stalin's appeal to nationalism, rather than communism, was crucial in the Soviet defeat of the Nazi menace -- notwithstanding the collaborators who cropped up in the Baltic republics as well as Ukraine.
Some of the states that will suffer adverse economic consequences include the Baltic republics, Poland and Cyprus (heavily dependent on Russian depositors).