Baltic Ridge

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Baltic Ridge

 

a strip of ridgelike hummocky morainic terrain located along the coast of the Baltic Sea. The ridge stretches from Denmark (eastern Jutland) across the Federal Republic of Germany, the German Democratic Republic, and Poland into the western regions of the USSR as far as the Zapadnaia Dvina River (some researchers feel that the Baltic Ridge within the USSR extends as far as the Gulf of Finland). The total length is approximately 1,500 km, the width is 80–90 km, and elevations are 200–300 m. Terminal moraines, eskers, and drumlins are widely found. In the basins between the hills are numerous lakes; the largest are Muritz, Sniardwy, and Mamry. Broad-leaved and mixed forests are common. The Baltic Ridge is divided by river valleys into individual uplands such as the Mecklenburg lake plateau, the Pomeranian lakes, and the Masurian lakes. A large part of the landforms of the Baltic Ridge arose during the Upper Pleistocene glaciation. On the south the Baltic Ridge is bordered by sandy aprons and valleys and on the north by the plains of the subglacial moraine.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.